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Solid-state 13C NMR characterization of surface fire effects on the composition of organic matter in both soil and soil solution from a coniferous forest

Näthe, Kerstin; Delphis, F. Levia; Steffens, Markus and Michalzik, Beate (2017) Solid-state 13C NMR characterization of surface fire effects on the composition of organic matter in both soil and soil solution from a coniferous forest. Geoderma, 305, pp. 394-406.

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Summary

Wildfires change the chemical composition of soil organic matter (SOM). Since the effects of fires on organic matter (OM) in soil solution are largely unknown, we sought to compare the quality of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and total organic matter (TOM =DOM +particulate OM) between burned and control sites. The sites were subjected to a low-intensity surface fire in a coniferous forest in Germany dominated by spodic Cambisols derived from Triassic sandstone. Soil solutions from three different soil horizons (O, Ah, Bw), and throughfall (TF) were analyzed using solid state 13C NMR spectroscopy, allowing us to track the initial fire impact on OM vertically through the soil profile and 70 days after the fire. In addition, organic layer samples were analyzed by 13C NMR spectroscopy to compare the OM quality. Under control conditions, properties of SOM influence the chemical composition of DOM and TOM in soil solutions. However, with fire, there is an initial increase in aromatic C in SOM, but not in DOM and TOM. Seventy days after the fire treatment, the aromatic C fraction in soil solutions of O and Ah layers increased, possibly due to accelerated oxidation processes, which would make the aromatic C more water-soluble. Our findings highlight the importance of short-term low-intensity fire-induced changes on forest soils that are useful to those seeking to better understand and model the temporal variability in the response of soil chemistry to fire to improve our knowledge of TOM and DOM dynamics in soils.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Pinus sylvestris L., Low-intensity prescribed fire, Pyrogenic carbon, A/O-A ratio, Aromaticity, Throughfall, Department of Soil Sciences, Climate Impact of Organic Agriculture
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
USA > Other organizations
Germany > Other organizations
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:33263
Deposited On:01 Jun 2018 10:18
Last Modified:01 Jun 2018 10:18
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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