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PRODIVA WP2. Crop mixtures for weed suppression. Annual Report 2016

Verwijst, Theo; Lundkvist, Anneli; Krawczyk, Roman and Kaczmarek, Sylvia (2016) PRODIVA WP2. Crop mixtures for weed suppression. Annual Report 2016. .

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Summary

The aim of WP2 is to assess the weed suppressive ability of crop mixtures as a function of species and densities, using a functional approach. During 2016, field experiments and controlled experiments with mixtures of barley and pea were conducted in Sweden and Poland. The performance of crop mixtures was compared to the performance of pure crops with regard to their ability to suppress weeds. In the fields, natural weed populations were used while the controlled experiments employed Elytrigia repens or Sinapis alba as a model weed. The purpose was to quantify weed suppressive ability of the crops, the impact of weeds on crop yield, and to identify crop traits responsible for the effects on weeds and crop yield.
Preliminary results from the controlled experiment in Sweden showed that the presence of a crop (sole crop or intercrop) significantly diminished the growth of E. repens. The ability to compete (weed suppressive ability) was lower in peas, compared to barley and the intercrop. No significant differences were found in the ability to withstand competition (weed tolerance) between sole cropped pea, sole cropped barley, and the intercrop. In the field experiment, the overall weed pressure was rather high (> 500 g DM plot-1). No significant differences in total dry matter were found for spring barley, sown in different proportions in pea/spring barley mixtures. Total dry matter of peas was related to pea seeding density.
Preliminary results from the field experiment in Poland showed that crops significantly suppressed weeds compared with the treatment containing only weeds. In the crop combination containing sole peas and 70% peas + 30% spring barley, the crop was not able to suppress the weeds as efficient as in treatments with a higher proportion of spring barley. No significant differences in seed yield were found between the treatments. In the glass house experiment with E. repens, the rhizome dry weight and rhizome length were significantly lower in treatments with both crop and weeds as compared with pure weeds.


EPrint Type:Report
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Poland
European Union > CORE Organic Plus > PRODIVA
Sweden > Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) > Crop Production Ecology
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:618107
Related Links:http://projects.au.dk/coreorganicplus/research-projects/prodiva/, https://www.coreorganic.org/Pages/Research-projects/Research-projects.html
Deposited By: Lundkvist, Dr Anneli
ID Code:33110
Deposited On:02 May 2018 05:16
Last Modified:11 Jul 2018 19:23
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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