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Soybean silage

{Tool} Soybean silage. [Trinciato integrale di soia.] Creator(s): Bortolussi, Stefano. Issuing Organisation(s): AIAB. OK-Net Arable Practice abstract, no. 043. (2018)

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Online at: http://orgprints.org/32951

Summary

Soybean silage can replace part of the lucerne hay or part of the lucerne silage.
Practical recommendations.
Observations and practical tips
• Best at the R6/R7 stage (full seed size for apical pods and beginning maturity for basal pods).
• Late harvests (stage R7/R8) promote good silage fermentation and preservation of the product; however, there is a loss of dry matter.
• If harvest occurs at stage R5/R6, use a swather to mow the soybean 24 to 48 hours prior to chopping (at around 35 % dry matter).
• Choose varieties with low levels of anti-nutritional factors.
• Increase seed rate to decrease stem diameter.
• Consider using a microbial inoculum to promote proper fermentation.

Summary translation

L’insilato di soia può sostituire una parte del fieno o dell’insilato di medica.
Raccomandazioni pratiche
Osservazioni e consigli pratici
• Insilare allo stadio R6-R7 (nelle varietà indeterminate: pieno riempimento dei baccelli apicali e inizio ingiallimento dei baccelli basali).
• Raccolte tardive (stadio R7/R8) favoriscono i processi fermentativi e la buona conservazione del prodotto.
• Valutare un breve pre-appassimento prima dell’insilamento in caso di raccolte precoci (stadio R5/R6)
• Valutare l’utilizzo di un inoculo microbico per favorire una corretta fermentazione.
• Utilizzare varietà a basso contenuto in fattori anti-nutrizionali.
• Aumentare la densità di semina per ridurre il diametro degli steli.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:It is not always easy to produce good quality lucerne hay. Moreover, there are not many alternatives among the different types of fodder with the necessary protein content. At the same time, when growing organic soybeans, weed control can be an issue.
What solution does the tool offer?:Growing soybeans: having a leguminous plant in the crop rotation is always beneficial, and harvesting it in advance in the form of silage allows you to obtain a quantity of fibre and protein comparable to lucerne. It also makes the presence of weeds (within certain limits) acceptable.
Country:Italy
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Theme:Crop specific
Keywords:legumes, protein crop, weed management
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishlucerne -> Medicago sativahttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4693
Englishalfalfa -> Medicago sativahttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4693
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Research affiliation: European Union > OK-Net Arable
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
Italy > AIAB
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/index.php/search-for-ok-tools?v=32951
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:32951
Deposited On:24 Apr 2018 09:30
Last Modified:28 Aug 2018 08:42
Document Language:English, Italian/Italiano
Status:Published

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