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Osmotic dehydration of organic kiwifruit pre-treated by pulsed electric fields: Internal transport and transformations analyzed by NMR

Traffano-Schiffo, Maria Victoria; Laghi, Luca; Castro-Giraldez, Marta; Tylewicz, Urszula; Romani, Santina; Ragni, Luigi; Dalla Rosa, Marco and Fito, Pedro J. (2017) Osmotic dehydration of organic kiwifruit pre-treated by pulsed electric fields: Internal transport and transformations analyzed by NMR. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 41, pp. 259-266.

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Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1466856417301972?via%3Dihub#ac0005

Summary

This work analyzes the effect of Pulsed Electric Fields (PEF) as a pre-treatment of the osmotic dehydration (OD) of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv Hayward) in the internal structure and in the internal water transport. PEF pre-treatments were done using three PEF intensities (100, 250 and 400 V/cm) and analyzed by TD-NMR. The OD was carried out by immersing the samples in 61.5% sucrose solution at 25 °C. The application of a PEF pre-treatment before the OD produces a process of plasmolysis proportional to the electric field applied. It is because the PEF removes the mobile charges of the medium, such as electrolytes, organic acids, amino acids; Ca+ 2 is the major culprit of the plasmolysis because it fixes some of the junctions of the microtubules between the cell wall and the membrane. Therefore, a previous plasmolysis produces an increase in the apoplastic transport increasing the rate of dehydration.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Kiwifruit,Pulsed electric fields, Osmotic dehydration, TD-NMR, Water distribution, Plasmolysis
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Food systems > Processing, packaging and transportation
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Plus > ECOORCHARD
Italy > Univ. Bologna
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:618107
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2017.03.012
Related Links:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1466856417301972?via%3Dihub#ac0005
Deposited By: Tylewicz, Dr Urszula
ID Code:32918
Deposited On:13 Apr 2018 10:05
Last Modified:13 Apr 2018 10:05
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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