home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Direct sowing with green manure

{Tool} Direct sowing with green manure. [Директна сеитба със зелено торене.] Creator(s): Apostolov, Stoylko; Kirov, P. and Tihov, N.. Issuing Organisation(s): Foundation for organic agriculture Bioselena, IFOAM EU. OK-Net Arable Practice Abstract, no. 023. (2018)

[img]
Preview
PDF - Bulgarian/български (Директна сеитба със зелено торене)
422kB
[img]
Preview
PDF - English (Direct sowing with green manure)
177kB

Online at: http://orgprints.org/32605/

Summary

Practical recommendations
> After harvesting the main crop (cereals or rape), perform the stubble cultivation in August.
> Sow the wheat‐legume mixture – winter forage peas and wheat (triticale) – by mid‐October.
> At the end of May, grind the cover crop (mixture) with a roller crimper, then sow the corn with a direct sowing machine (drill). The mulch lying on the soil surface should dry before sowing.
> The mulch reduces mineralization, so it might be better to use nitrogen fertilizer in the row.

Summary translation

Резултат
- В началото растенията при директната сеитба имаха по-добро развитие. Но посева бе неизравнен (някои от растенията бяха във фаза 2-4 лист, други преминавали 8-ми лист). Мулчът задържа изпарението на влага.
- При контролното поле в повърхностния почвен слой нямаше налична влага. Растенията са с леко завехнали и завити листа. Броят и растежът на растения е равномерен(фаза 3-4 лист).
- Получените добиви (в свежа маса) са доста под очакваните. Добивът в контролното поле е по-висок:
- контролно поле - 14,450 кг(от 0,6 ха), среден добив 24 083 кг/ха
- тестово поле - 15,200 кг(от 0,7 ха), среден добив 21 714 кг/ха
Практически препоръки
- след прибиране на реколтата от предшественика(зърнени култури или рапица), през август направете обработка на стърнището
- посейте житно-бобовата смеска - зимуващ фуражен грах и пшеница (тритикале), до средата на октомври
- В края на май намачкайте смеската с цилиндров валяк- нож, след което засейте царевицата с почистващи устройства. Смеската, лежаща върху почвата, трябва да бъде добре изсушена преди сеитба
- Мулчът намалява минерализацията, затова направете фокусирано (насочено) в редовете азотно торене

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:The traditional cultivation of maize is accompanied by numerous mechanical cultivations and the application of herbicides. It leads to soil compaction, has a negative impact on the environment and worsens growing conditions for the following crops.
What solution does the tool offer?:Solution
Maize is a crop that can establish well in a no‐till system without compromising soil quality. Trials outside of Bulgaria have shown that rolling of the previous crop can be a successful method to create a mulch suitable for drilling. Pea and cereal mixtures are commonly used because they cover the soil well and tend not to regrow. The yields obtained elsewhere are, in some cases, equivalent to traditional ploughing methods and subsequent treatments. We tested the technology in two farms at two precursors (mixed crop of peas/wheat and wheat only). In the same plot, there were two fields: test with direct sowing and control with traditional sowing.
To evaluate the effectiveness of the technique, the key factors – crop development, weed establishment and soil composition (moisture content, structure, activity of worms) – were measured in both plots. At the end of the period, the harvested yield was measured in the test and control field.
Results are from the experience of one farm (Ivan Danchev) as crop establishment was not successful in the second farm.
Outcome
Initially, directly sown plants showed better establishment. However, growth was uneven (some of the plants were in 2‐ to 4‐leaf stage; others passed the 8‐leaf stage). This may be because the mulch prevented evaporation of moisture.
> There was no moisture in the surface soil layer of the control field. The plants were, therefore, slightly withered and had curved leaves. The number and growth of plants was even (3‐4‐leaf stage).
> The yields (in fresh mass) are well below expectations. The yield in the control field is higher:
> Control field: 14450 kg (from 0.6 ha), average yield: 24083 kg/ha
> Test field: 15200 kg (from 0.7 ha), average yield: 21714 kg/ha
Country:Bulgaria
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Theme:Soil quality and fertility, Crop specific
Keywords:cereal crop, direct sowing, green manure, soil cultivation, soil fertility, soil structure
Keywords:cereal crop, direct sowing, green manure, soil cultivation, soil fertility, soil structure, arable farming, tillage, soil properties, cropping systems
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishsoil structurehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7196
Englishsoil fertilityhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7170
Englishtillagehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7771
Englishgreen manureshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3375
Englishdirect sowinghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25803
Englishcereal cropshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25512
Englishsoil propertieshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_330883
Englishcropshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1972
Englishcropping systemshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
Englisharable farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Soil
Research affiliation: Bulgaria > Bioselena
European Union > OK-Net Arable
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/index.php/search-for-ok-tools?v=32605
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:32605
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 13:12
Last Modified:23 Jan 2019 10:58
Document Language:English, Bulgarian/български
Status:Published

Repository Staff Only: item control page