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First description of Campylobacter lanienae from feces of organic and conventional pigs, in France

Kerouanton, Annaëlle; Nagard, Bérengère; Rose, Valérie; Samson, Vivien and Denis, Martine (2017) First description of Campylobacter lanienae from feces of organic and conventional pigs, in France. Poster at: 19th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO), Nantes, 11-14 septembre 2017.

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Summary

In the frame of the CORE Organic II funded European project SafeOrganic, fecal samples of 58 conventional pigs and 56 organic pigs, originated from 31 organic herds and 31 conventional herds, were collected in a slaughterhouse in order to isolate Campylobacter coli. Direct streaking from feces and incubation at 37°C of the Karmali plates allowed the isolation of another Campylobacter species: Campylobacter lanienae. Indeed, among the 381 typical Campylobacter colonies isolated, it was not possible to identify the species for 118 isolates with the Wang’s multiplex-PCR. However, 85 of these isolates were confirmed C. lanienae by Maldi-Tof and by 16S rRNA PCR. With the two species, coli and lanienae, the occurrence of Campylobacter in pig was estimated to 87.9% (51/58) for conventional pigs and 96.5% (52/56) for organic pigs. A total of 55 isolates of C. lanienae were tested for their resistance to 7 antibiotics. Only one was pansusceptible. Natural resistance of this species to Nalidixic acid was confirmed. Resistance to Tetracycline was significantly different between the two productions (p < to 0.001) : 88 % of the conventional pig isolates were resistant against 14% of organic pig isolates. Moreover, 73% of the conventional pig isolates were multiresistant against 5% of organic pig isolates. The C. lanienae isolates were typed by PFGE using KpnI and SmaI enzymes. The genetic diversity was very high, whatever the enzyme used (ID > to 0.98). No link between PFGE profile and isolate origin or antibiotic resistance pattern was evidenced. This study allowed us to demonstrate for the first time in France that pigs may also carry in their feces a species rarely highlighted: C. lanienae. The lower level of antibiotic resistance and multiresistance of C. lanienae strains for organic pigs may be related to the restricted use of antibiotics in this production.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Campylobacter Lanienae pig france organic
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > France
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > SafeOrganic
Deposited By: KEROUANTON, Dr Annaëlle
ID Code:32149
Deposited On:10 Oct 2017 08:57
Last Modified:10 Oct 2017 08:57
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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