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Spade test

{Tool} Spade test. [Test Bêche. Guide d'ultilisation.] Creator(s): Peigne, Joséphine; Gautronneau, Yvan; Vian, Jean François; Achard, Perrine; Chignier-Riboulon, Maxime; Ruffe, Lysiane and Vaskou, Claire. Issuing Organisation(s): ISARA Lyon. (2016)

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Online at: http://orgprints.org/31137/1/peigne-etal-2016-GuideTestBeche-ISARA_Lyon.pdf

Summary

The spade test is a diagnosis tool to assess soil structure (scoring from 1 to 5 = very compacted). This tool is a simplified version of the soil profile diagnosis method that quickly provides information to the user and helps for decision making (e.g. tillage operations). The guideline document explains how to extract a soil block with a spade (20 cm * 20 cm * 25 cm or more) and interpret the observed soil structure. The spade test only requires a spade and a tarp. The leaflet contains an interpretation table for scoring the soil structure based on the observation of the clods. It also contains a notation sheet. The tool has been developed for organic agriculture but could be used in conventional agriculture. The test is applicable in all European pedo-climatic conditions.

Summary translation

Issu de la méthodologie du profil cultural, le test bêche a été développé par l’ISARA Lyon. Il a pour avantage d’être plus simple et plus rapide à mettre en œuvre que le profil. Il est basé sur la caractérisation de la structure du sol via l’assemblage et l’état interne des mottes de terre, telle que décrite par la méthode du profil cultural. Cette caractérisation se fait dans un premier temps à l’aide d’une bêche puis sur une bâche. Le diagnostic final permet de classer la structure du sol en 5 classes, en fonction de son degré de tassement. Pour recueillir les informations lors de la réalisation du test, un dossier conçu pour le terrain est détachable à la fin de ce guide.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
Teaser:The spade test quickly assesses soil structure
What problem does the tool address?:In case of degraded soil structure (e.g. compaction) assessing soil quality is crucial to further adapt cropping practices in order to restore soil structure.
What solution does the tool offer?:With a quick and reproducible method, the spade-test assesses soil structure in order to monitor soil quality.
Country:France
Type of Practice Tool:Leaflets & guidelines
Theme:Soil quality and fertility
Keywords:arable farming, diagnostic tool, soil compaction, soil fertility, soil structure
Keywords:Teste bêche, fertilité du sol, Qualité du sol, arable farming, diagnostic tool, soil compaction, soil fertility, soil structure
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englisharable farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Englishsoil fertilityhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7170
Englishsoil propertieshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_330883
Englishequipmenthttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2631
Englishdiagnostic techniqueshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16712
Englishsoil compactionhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7163
Englishsoil structurehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7196
Subjects: Soil
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Plus > FertilCrop
European Union > OK-Net Arable
France > ISARA - Institut supérieure d’agriculture Lyon
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:618107
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/index.php/search-for-ok-tools?v=32099, http://profilcultural.isara.fr/
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Rasmussen, Ilse Ankjær
ID Code:32099
Deposited On:07 Jan 2018 21:02
Last Modified:03 Oct 2018 08:19
Document Language:French/Francais
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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