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Novel development of heat treatment techniques for seed surface sterilisation

Borgen, Anders; Krebs, Niels and Langkjær, carsten (2005) Novel development of heat treatment techniques for seed surface sterilisation. In: Cockerell, Valerie (Ed.) Abstrac Booklet, p. 28.

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Summary

Heat treatment to prevent seed borne diseases, e.g. in the form of hot water or warm humid air, will normally heat up the entire seed. Heat treatment of the seed embryo will always have a negative side-effect on seed vigour and the duration of several minutes are difficult to implement in seed plans treating huge volumes of seed. However, in the case of common bunt in wheat and similar diseases, where the inoculum is transmitted as fungal spores on the surface of the seed, an uniform and efficient surface sterilisation will be sufficient to prevent the transmission of the disease.
To test the effect of surface heat sterilisation of seed, an equipment was developed, where seeds were exposed to a combination of steam and ultrasound. The principle is that the ultrasound will create a fluctation of the air molecules in the chamber, and thereby increase the access of the hot steam to the surface of the seed.
In this equipment, common bunt in wheat was eliminated after 4 sec. treatment and in spelt after 8 seconds. A 16 times increase of the duration of the treatment did not decrease germination speed of the seed, tested in a cold sand test. This demonstrates that surface transmitted diseases can be controlled efficiently and environmentally friendly by equipment adaptable to commercial seed plans.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:seed heat treatment, Tilletia tritici caries, wheat, spelt
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > VI.1 (ORGSEED) Healthy seed for organic production of cereals and legumes
Related Links:http://www.agrologica.dk/pub-list.htm
Deposited By: Borgen, Ph.D. Anders
ID Code:3204
Deposited On:22 Jun 2005
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:29
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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