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Removal of bunt spores from wheat seed lots by brush cleaning

Borgen, Anders (2005) Removal of bunt spores from wheat seed lots by brush cleaning. Seed Info, ICARDA, 29, pp. 13-15.

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Summary

Common bunt is infecting wheat seedling just after sowing, in the heterotrophic phase before seedling emergence. The seed per se is healthy at the time of sowing, but gets infected from spores resting on the seed surface.
Bechel et al. 1998 has shown that only a minor fraction of the spores of the the closely related bunt species T.contraversa in a seed lot end up in the flour, while the majority are removed during the cleaning of the seed before or during milling. However, little is known about the destiny of the spores during the cleaning process of seed intented for sowing.
Seed lots contaminated with bunt spores during threshing was cleaned in a brush cleaner (ø=400mm) (http://www.westrup.com/HAsideeng.htm) with and without precleaning. Airstream through the cleaner was modified during the project to improve efficacy.
It is demonstrated that a brush cleaner can be used to remove spores of common bunt from wheat seed lots. A combined cleaning of a conventional pre-cleaning and a brush cleaning removed 99.8% of the spores in a seed lot. Hence the efficacy of this treatment to prevent seed borne transmission is comparable with the best chemical treatments known.
The result indicate that when a the number of bunt spores in a seed lot is assessed, and evaluated in relation to a certain threshold, it should considered if the seed health analysis is made before or after seed cleaning.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:seed cleaning treatment, wheat, Tilletia tritici caries
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > VI.1 (ORGSEED) Healthy seed for organic production of cereals and legumes
Related Links:http://www.agrologica.dk/pub-list.htm
Deposited By: Borgen, Ph.D. Anders
ID Code:3202
Deposited On:22 Jun 2005
Last Modified:07 Aug 2012 08:03
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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