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Eignung verschiedener Stangen- und Feuerbohnensorten für den Mais-Bohnen-Gemengeanbau und Optimierung der Bestandeszusammensetzung

Fischer, Jenny; Höppner, Frank and Böhm, Herwart (2017) Eignung verschiedener Stangen- und Feuerbohnensorten für den Mais-Bohnen-Gemengeanbau und Optimierung der Bestandeszusammensetzung. Paper at: 14. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Campus Weihenstephan, Freising-Weihenstephan, 07.-10. März 2017.

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Summary

Traditional intercropping systems with maize and climbing beans have the potential to improve the protein- and energy supply from locally grown roughage. As previous field
experiments at the Thünen Institute of Organic Farming have shown, the crude protein content of maize silage can be enhanced by intercropping with climbing Phaseolus
beans. Since 2014 further field experiments are conducted, that aim to optimize bean yield and fodder quality in intercropping with maize. Therefore four cultivars of
Phaseolus vulgaris (Pv) and two cultivars of P. coccineus (Pc) are evaluated for their intercropping potential. Furthermore, the influence of varied seed densities on bean
yield and crude nutrients are evaluated for two selected bean cultivars. The experiments have shown, that bean yield is mainly influenced by the choice of cultivar. Varied seed densities had little effect on the almost higher bean yields of cv. Tarbais (Pv) while the yield of cv. Preisgewinner (Pc) increased at higher seed densities. As the cv. Tarbais had the highest bean yields in both years, and total yield was comparable to the maize control, this cultivar has the highest potential for intercropping at our site.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:intercropping, maize, Phaseolus vulgaris, P. coccineus, yield, seed density, Stangen- und Feuerbohnensorten, Mais, Bohnen, Gemengeanbau, Optimierung, Bestandeszusammensetzung
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Root crops
Research affiliation: Germany > Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - VTI
Germany > Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants - JKI
International Conferences > 2017: Scientific Conference German Speaking Countries > Pflanzenbau
ISBN:978-3-89574-925-4
Deposited By: Hasreiter, Anna
ID Code:31839
Deposited On:04 Jul 2017 17:23
Last Modified:04 Jul 2017 17:23
Document Language:German/Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsband der 14. Wissenschaftstagung erschienen.
S. Wolfrum, H. Heuwinkel, H.J. Reents, u.a. (Hrsg.) (2017): Ökologischen Landbau weiterdenken - Verantwortung übernehmen - Vertrauen stärken. Beiträge der 14. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Freising-Weihenstephan, 7.-10. März 2017
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin

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