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Equol and enterolactone – two mammalian phytoestrogens with estrogenic potency found in organically produced milk

Adler, Steffen A. and Steinshamn, Håvard (2017) Equol and enterolactone – two mammalian phytoestrogens with estrogenic potency found in organically produced milk. In: Aakkula, Jyrki; Hakala, Kaija; Huhta, Harri; Iivonen, Sari; Jurvanen, Ulla; Kreismane, Dzidra; Land, Anita; Lähdesmäki, Merja; Malingen, Matti; Mikkola, Minna; Nordlund-Othen, Janne; Nuutila, Jaakko; Peetsmann, Elen; Piskonen, Sirpa; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Skulskis, Virgilijus; Tahvonen, Raija; Taskinen, Sirpa; Ullvén, Karin; Wibe, Atle and Wivstad, Maria (Eds.) NJF Seminar 495 - 4th organic Conference: Organics for tomorrow's food systems, 19 - 21 June 2017, Mikkeli, Finland, 13 (1), NJF Report, pp. 82-83.

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Summary

Cows fed red clover yield milk with high concentrations of the isoflavandiol equol, a phytoestrogen with high estrogen potency. Soy products have much higher content of isoflavones than milk, but not all humans are able to produce equol from isoflavones. Many plant lignans can be metabolised to enterolactone, and milk concentrations tend to be higher during grazing season than indoor feeding season. Therefore, milk produced on feed containing red clover and milk produced on pasture may be considered a functional food. However, more documentations on possible effects in humans, including unwanted side effects are needed.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2017: NJF Seminar 495 - Organics for tomorrow's food systems > 2. Organic food, human health and wellbeing
ISSN:1653-2015
Deposited By: Adler, Steffen A.
ID Code:31380
Deposited On:19 Jun 2017 09:21
Last Modified:05 Jul 2017 10:29
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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