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The effects of different tillage methods on mineral substance of raisins in organic grape growing

ATEŞ, Fadime; ÜNAL, Akay; ÇAKIR, Engin and YAĞCI, Adem (2016) The effects of different tillage methods on mineral substance of raisins in organic grape growing. Acta Horticulturae, 1115, pp. 155-160.

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Turkey is the major producer and exporter of seedless raisins in the world. The largest area under organic raisin is located in Manisa (2655 ha) then İzmir (580 ha) in the Aegean Region and almost all the grapes are dried and exported to European countries in particular. Organic raisin production constitutes 1.35% of the total raisin production of Turkey. The research was carried out in Alaşehir-Yeşilyurt Enterprise of Viticulture Research Station from 2006 to 2007. The research was established in a 15 year-old ‘Sultani Çekirdeksiz’ vineyard under irrigable soil conditions in organic parcel. Three different tillage methods: conventional tillage, mulch tillage, and reduced tillage were applied on the trial parcels. The research was carried out as randomized block design trials with three replicates consisting of 12 vines per parcel. Mineral substance analyses of the raisins obtained from the applications were performed using the ICP-AES technique. It was found that there was highest average potassium (K), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) contents of the raisin in mulch tillage; highest average magnesium (Mg), phosphorus (P) and sodium (Na) contents of the raisin in conventional tillage; highest average manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) contents of the raisin in reduced tillage at 5% significant level.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:‘Sultani Çekirdeksiz’, tillage methods, mineral substance, organic raisins
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Farming Systems
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Turkey > Ege University
Turkey > Other Organizations
Turkey > Viticulture Research Insitute, Manisa
Deposited By: VURAL, Dr. Aysen ALAY
ID Code:31090
Deposited On:12 Jan 2017 18:34
Last Modified:12 Jan 2017 18:34
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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