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No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas

{Tool} No-till cultivation of maize in rolled forage peas. [Direktsaat von Mais in gewalzte Futtererbse.] Creator(s): Dierauer, Hansueli; Siegrist, Franziska and Weidmann, Gilles. Issuing Organisation(s): Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL). OK-Net Arable Practice Abstract, no. 005. (2017)

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Online at: http://orgprints.org/31020/

Summary

The non-tilled, constantly covered soil has improved water retention and also shows a better carrying capacity during harvest, and is less affected by weed infestation, compaction, nutrient-leaching, and erosion. Stockless farms especially benefit from the nitrogen input of the legume-green manure.
• At the beginning of August, carry out 1 to 2 stubble-tillage operations after cereal or rape harvest.
• Sow the wintering forage peas in October.
• At the end of May, kink the peas' stems with a knife-cylinder roller, after which you drill in the maize with row cleaners. The green manure lying on the ground must be properly dried off for sowing.
• The mineralisation performance, lowered due to the soil cover, can be compensated for with focused nitrogen fertilisation in the rows.

Summary translation

Der unbearbeitete, stets gedeckte Boden kann Boden- und Regenwasser besser speichern, weist eine bessere Tragfähigkeit bei der Ernte auf und neigt weniger zu Verunkrautung, Verdichtung, Nährstoffauswaschung und Erosion. Vor allem viehlose Betriebe profitieren zusätzlich vom Stickstoffeintrag der Leguminosen-Gründüngung.
• Nach der Getreide- oder Rapsernte Anfang August 1-2 Stoppelbearbeitungen durchführen.
• Im Oktober die überwinternde Futtererbse aussäen.
• Ende Mai mit einer Messerwalze die Stängel der Erbse knicken und anschliessend den Mais mit Räumern eindrillen. Die am Boden liegende Gründüngung muss für die Saat gut abgetrocknet sein.
• Die aufgrund der Bodenbedeckung geringere Mineralisierungsleistung des Bodens kann mit einer gezielten Stickstoffdüngung in die Reihen kompensiert werden.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Tilling the maize crop leads to soil compaction and reduces soil quality, which can have a negative impact upon the growing conditions of subsequent crops. No-till processes are soil-conserving, but highly challenging in organic farming.
What solution does the tool offer?:For the conservation of soil quality, no-till maize cultivation in a rolled green manure has proved to be successful in practical trials by FiBL. The use of lush peas (EFB33 peas) is recommended as they almost stop growing after being rolled, and cover the soil well. With the mulching process, the trials achieved crop yields virtually equal to the ploughing method.
Country:Switzerland
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Location:In European maize-cultivation areas with soils that are not too heavy
Theme:Crop specific
Keywords:arable farming, crop management, direct sowing
Keywords:arable farming, crop management, direct sowing
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englisharable farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Englishdirect sowinghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_25803
Englishcropping systemshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1971
Englishcropshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1972
Englishcrop managementhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_16094
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Advisory Service
European Union > OK-Net Arable
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/, http://www.bioaktuell.ch/pflanzenbau/ackerbau/bodenbearbeitung.html, http://farmknowledge.org/index.php/search-for-ok-tools?v=31020
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:31020
Deposited On:13 Jan 2017 10:45
Last Modified:04 Oct 2018 09:05
Document Language:English, German/Deutsch
Status:Published

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