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Increase sustainability of organic pig production with more vital piglets

Schild, Sarah-Lina Aagaard ; Rangstrup-Christensen, Lena and Pedersen, L.J. (2016) Increase sustainability of organic pig production with more vital piglets. Paper at: [In Press]

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Summary

About every third piglet dies before weaning within the Danish organic pig production, making the organic piglet mortality higher, than what is seen in the conventional indoor production. The high piglet mortality is in conflict with both the idea of increased animal welfare and the organic principles. As most of the piglets die within the first days after farrowing, improving the thermal conditions around the time of farrowing is important, since the thermal environment in many cases may be a significant contributor to piglet death also for piglets that are categorized as crushed or starved to death.
This paper describes a subproject under the larger Danish VIPiglets project with the overall aim to reduce piglet mortality in Danish organic pig production. The subproject described in this paper has three overall aims concerning 1) ways to improve the thermal environment around the time of farrowing 2) how the temperature and humidity inside the farrowing hut relate to piglet mortality 3) how temperature affects farrowing duration and inter birth interval.
Studies concerning aim two and three are still ongoing and so no results are presented. In the study concerning aim one the average total litter size was 17 piglets and total piglet mortality was 31%. The study showed that providing sows with access to poplar trees (a shaded area) significantly affected paddock use compared to sows without a shaded area (control sows), by increasing the use of the paddock before farrowing and day zero and one post partum (pp) (F4,218=2.91, p<0.05) and the paddock use particularly increased at hot temperatures. Furthermore the sows with access to poplar were lying more when outside compared to controls (29 % vs 18 % respectively; F1,70=15.13, p<0.0005). In general the sows were seen lying more in the paddock at high temperature compared to low temperature particularly before farrowing, on day 0 and 1 pp and again after day 11 pp.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Pattegrisedødelighed Varmestress Diegivende søer Dyrevelfærd Adfærd
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishanimal welfarehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_443
Englishpigletshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5872
EnglishMortalityhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4945
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Research affiliation: Denmark > AU - Aarhus University
Denmark > SEGES > Videncentret for Landbrug
Denmark > Organic RDD 2 > VIPiglets
Deposited By: Duve, Consultant Linda Rosager
ID Code:30258
Deposited On:14 Jun 2016 10:02
Last Modified:14 Jun 2016 10:02
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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