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Ecology of Earthworms under the ‘Haughley Experiment’ of Organic and Conventional Management Regimes

Blakemore, Robert (2000) Ecology of Earthworms under the ‘Haughley Experiment’ of Organic and Conventional Management Regimes. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 18 (2), pp. 141-159.

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Online at: http://www.annelida.net/earthworm/Haughley/Haughley.doc

Summary

Significant differences in earthworm populations and soil properties were found in three sections of a farm at Haughley in Suffolk that, since 1939, had either an organic, a mixed conventional, or a stockless intensive arable regime. Compared with the mean earthworm population of a 1,000 year old permanent pasture of 424.0 m-2; an organic field had 178.6 m-2; a mixed field 97.5 m-2; and a stockless field 100.0 m-2. Species recorded were: Allolobophora chlorotica, accounting for most of the increase in the organic section; Aporrectodea caliginosa, dominant in the stockless section; Aporrectodea icterica; Ap. longa; Ap. nocturna; Ap. rosea; and Lumbricus terrestris.
Soil analyses showed the organic soil had higher moisture, organic C, and mineral N, P, K, and S compared with soil from the stockless field. The organic soil also had lower bulk density and good crumb structure whereas the stockless soil was cloddy and subject to puddling. The properties of the mixed field soil were intermediate to the others. Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) in the organic field had significantly longer shoots (by 11.3% and 13.9%) and roots (by 5.4% and 10.8%) compared with the mixed and stockless fields, respectively.
Choice chambers offering the three field soils, with and without organic amendments, showed an earthworm preference for the organic soil (total 96 headcounts) compared to the mixed and stockless soils (75 and 73 headcounts). Adding organic matter tended to override this trend and indicated that food supply was an important determinant in earthworm distributions in the laboratory.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Earthworms, organic farming, permanent pasture, carbon SOM, soil temperature, ecology, behaviour, Balfour, Soil Association, pioneering
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
"Organics" in general > History of organics
Research affiliation: Australia
UK
UK > Soil Association
ISSN:0144-8765
DOI:10.1080/01448765.2000.9754876
Related Links:http://www.annelida.net/earthworm/
Deposited By: Blakemore, Dr Robert
ID Code:30000
Deposited On:24 Apr 2016 13:21
Last Modified:24 Apr 2016 13:21
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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