Schader, Christian; Lampkin, Nicolas; Müller, Adrian and Stolze, Matthias (2014) The role of multi-target policy instruments in agri-environmental policy mixes. Journal of Environmental Management, 145, pp. 180-190.
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The Tinbergen Rule has been used to criticise multi-target policy instruments for being inefficient. The aim of this paper is to clarify the role of multi-target policy instruments using the case of agri-environmental policy. Employing an analytical linear optimisation model, this paper demonstrates that there is no general contradiction between multi-target policy instruments and the Tinbergen Rule, if multi-target policy instruments are embedded in a policy-mix with a sufficient number of targeted instruments. We show that the relation between cost-effectiveness of the instruments, related to all policy targets, is the key determinant for an economically sound choice of policy instruments. If economies of scope with respect to achieving policy targets are realised, a higher cost-effectiveness of multi-target policy instruments can be achieved. Using the example of organic farming support policy, we discuss several reasons why economies of scope could be realised by multi-target agri-environmental policy instruments.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||Agri-environmental policy, Direct payments, Cost-effectiveness, Organic farming, Policy targets, Economies of scope, Tinbergen Rule, Department of Socio-Economic Sciences|
|Subjects:||Food systems > Policy environments and social economy|
|Research affiliation:||Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Socio-Economics > Agripolicy|
|Deposited By:||Schader, Dr. Christian|
|Deposited On:||15 Dec 2015 14:14|
|Last Modified:||15 Dec 2015 14:14|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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