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Assessment of Alternative Phosphorus Fertilizers for Organic Farming: Meat and Bone Meal

Möller, Kurt (2015) Assessment of Alternative Phosphorus Fertilizers for Organic Farming: Meat and Bone Meal. Fact Sheet. Universität Hohenheim, ETH Zürich, FiBL, Bioforsk, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Newcastle University, University of Copenhagen.

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Online at: https://improve-p.uni-hohenheim.de/uploads/media/moeller2015-factsheet-Meat-and-bone-meal.pdf

Summary

In the past meat and bone meal was a major source of nutrients for recycling back to agricultural land, either as animal feed or organic nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer. Nowadays - since the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) crisis in 1999 - it is mainly used as fertilizer. Although meat and bone meals are allowed by EU regulation in organic farming, several growers’ organisations prohibited them since the BSE crisis. Incineration or melting in a cupola furnace are alternative treatment options to their direct use eliminating any risk on BSE transmission. However, these processes lead to losses of organic matter as well as nitrogen and sulfur and affect the phosphorus availability. The fact sheet shows which actions are needed to ease the statutory restrictions for use as fertilizer and thus to make phosphorus sources in meat and bone meal accessible for organic agriculture again.


EPrint Type:Report
Keywords:Phosphorus recycling, meat and bone meal, phosphorus availability, IMPROVE-P, Core Organic
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > IMPROVE-P
Austria > Univ. BOKU Wien > Sustainable Agr. Systems - IfÖL
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Austria > FiBL Austria
Switzerland > ETHZ - Agrarwissenschaften
Germany > University of Hohenheim > Institute of Crop Science
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
Norway > Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research > Bioforsk Organic Food and Farming Division
UK > Univ. Newcastle
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:249667
Related Links:http://www.coreorganic2.org/coreorganic2.asp, https://improve-p.uni-hohenheim.de/
Deposited By: Möller, PD Dr. Kurt
ID Code:29505
Deposited On:22 Jan 2016 09:25
Last Modified:22 Jan 2016 09:25
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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