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Soil Nutrient Evolution during the First Rotation in Organic and Conventional Farming Systems

Sanchez de Cima, Diego; Reintam, Endla; Tein, Berit; Eremeev, Viacheslav and Luik, Anne (2015) Soil Nutrient Evolution during the First Rotation in Organic and Conventional Farming Systems. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 00, pp. 1-13.

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Summary

Since 2008, a 5-year crop rotation experiment (winter wheat, pea, potato, barley undersown with red clover, and red clover) has been run in Tartu, Estonia, to evaluate the changes in soil chemical parameters under four fertilizer managements: (1) unfertilized conventional plots (conventional I), (2) conventional plots with addition of mineral fertilizers (conventional II), (3) organic plots with cover crops during the winter period (organic I), and (4) organic plots with the same cover crops plus a yearly amendment of 40 t ha–1 of cattle manure (organic II). After the first rotation, results showed significant differences (P < 0.05) in soil acidity dependent on the system with mean values ranging between 5.67 (conventional II) and 6.10 (organic II). In the organic II system, manure had a significant effect on the system, increasing the organic carbon (C) content by 0.34%, but in both organic systems, both cover crops and cattle manure were insufficient for maintaining a constant level of plant-available phosphorus (P) or potassium (K) in the soil. In the conventional II system, mineral fertilizers provided a sufficient amount of nitrogen (N) to the system and increased the concentration of P to 8.7 mg per kg. The yearly mineral or organic amendments did not counteract the significant decrease in soil-available K after the first rotation. Lastly, calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) availability, strongly influenced by the soil pH local conditions, decreased with time for all systems even though organic ones presented greater concentrations of both compounds. In conclusion, the four fertilization systems managed independently would not guarantee a constant soil nutrient concentration after the first rotation.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:crop rotation, farming system, green manure, soil nutrients
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishGreen manureshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3375
EnglishCrop rotationhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6662
Englishfarming systemshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2807
EnglishNutrientshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5274
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Crop husbandry
Soil
Research affiliation: Estonia > Estonian University of Life Sciences
European Union > CORE Organic II > TILMAN-ORG
ISSN:1532-2416
Deposited By: Pehme, Sirli
ID Code:29490
Deposited On:24 Nov 2015 18:10
Last Modified:06 Mar 2017 11:01
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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