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Optimise Subsidiary Crop Application in Rotations

{Project} OSCAR: Optimise Subsidiary Crop Application in Rotations. Runs 2012 - 2016. Project Leader(s): Finckh, Prof. Dr. Maria, Universität Kassel .

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Online at: http://www.covercrops.eu

Summary

OSCAR is a collaborative research project in agronomy, supported by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research. OSCAR involves 20 Partners from 9 European countries, Morocco, Brazil as well as the international research centre ICARDA. The research programme starts in April 2012 and ends in 2016.
The project aims to develop improved conservation tillage systems, based on subsidiary crops (also known as cover crops), used both as living and dead mulch, that
increase the duration of soil coverage by plant canopies;
minimize the need for soil tillage and redce tillage intensity; increase the diversity of species within the plant canopy and the rotation; reduce the need for fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides; and
in dry climates, conserve water and reduce need for irrigation.
OSCAR studies the key factors that influence the success of cover cropping systems, including cultivation methods, machinery and suitable plant genotypes. The research aims to develop targeted systems for the varied economic and ecological conditions in Europe and in the non-European participating countries. OSCAR assesses the ecological and economic impacts of the new cropping systems in both organic and conventional agriculture.
The core of the experimental programme is a set of coordinated field trials in 12 different environments, ranging from boreal climates in North Europe to Mediterranean and tropical subhumid climates.
The main output of the project will be a comprehensive, publically available knowledge base (Cover Crop and Living Mulch Toolbox), which will contain many user interactive elements and will be further developed after termination of the project.


EPrint Type:Project description
Location:Nordbahnhofstraße 1a
D-37213 Witzenhausen
Keywords:OSCAR, Cover crops, subsidiary crops, tillage systems, living mulch, dead mulch, soil.
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Farming Systems
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Soil
Farming Systems > Buildings and machinery
Research affiliation: Brazil
Switzerland > Agroscope > ART - Tänikon Location
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
Italy > Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa
Italy > Univ. Pisa, Agricultural Sciences
Italy > Univ. Tuscia
Morocco
Norway > Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research
Poland
Sweden > Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm
Germany > University of Kassel
Netherlands > Wageningen University and Research Centre WUR
FP7 Grant Agreement Number:289277
Acronym:OSCAR
Project ID:KBBE.2011.1.2-03-289277
Start Date:1 April 2012
End Date:31 March 2016
Deposited By: Pearce, Dr Bruce
ID Code:28909
Deposited On:03 Jun 2015 17:18
Last Modified:03 Jun 2015 17:18

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