Høgh-Jensen, Dr Henning; Fabricius, Vibeke and Schjoerring, Dr Jan K. (2001) Regrowth and nutrient composition of different plant organs in grass-clover canopies as affected by phosphorus and potassium availability. Annals of Botany, 88, pp. 153-162.
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Regrowth after cutting and distribution of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) in different plant organs of white clover and perennial ryegrass growing in pure or mixed swards, were investigated under field conditions in a soil with a low-to-moderate availability of P and K. In all treatments, white clover constituted more than 70% of the above-ground biomass in the mixed swards. The petioles were the dominant pool of dry matter throughout regrowth and contained the greatest amounts of N, P and K. Increased supply of P and K increased the growth of ryegrass, but not that of white clover in the mixed swards. The increased competition from ryegrass led to a decline in the yield of white clover laminae as well as in the N content per unit of dry matter in laminae, petioles and stolons. The P content of all white clover organs also declined following P application to the mixed swards, whereas K application increased their K contents. In the pure swards of ryegrass and white clover, yields and contents of N, P and K in the dry matter were either not affected or increased with P and K application. It was calculated that commonly used defoliation heights may remove 80% or more of the nutrient and dry matter pools located in the petioles but the remaining quantities of dry matter and nutrients in the petioles will normally exceed the corresponding quantities in the stolons.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||coexistence, competition, phosphorus, potassium, regrowth, ryegrass, white clover.|
|Subjects:||Crop husbandry > Production systems > Pasture and forage crops|
|Research affiliation:||Denmark > DARCOF I (1996-2001) > I.2 Nitrogen fixation, recycling and leaching in organic cropping systems|
|Deposited By:||Jensen, Dr Henning Høgh|
|Deposited On:||05 Dec 2002|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:27|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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