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Nursery Establishment of Moringa Oleifera as Affected by Pre-Sowing Seed Treatments in a Coarse Textured Soil

Oshunsanya, S. O.; Fagbenro, J. A.; Aliku, O. and Oke, O. A. (2015) Nursery Establishment of Moringa Oleifera as Affected by Pre-Sowing Seed Treatments in a Coarse Textured Soil. In: Rahmann, Gerold; Olabiyi, Timothy Ipoola and Olowe, Victor Idowu (Eds.) Achieving Social and Economic Development Through Ecological and Organic Agricultural Alternatives, Proceedings of the Scientific Track, 3rd African Organic Conference, 5 - 9 October 2015, Lagos, Nigeria, pp. 1-6.

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Summary

Pre-sowing seed treatments have been reported to have influence on the germination percentage and growth performance, which could affect crop yield when transplanted to the field. Replacing chemically expensive and laborious pre-treatment with organically pre-treated seeds could reduce the cost of producing moringa by resource-poor farmers. Therefore, a screen-house experiment was conducted at the Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan to examine effects of six pre-sowing seed treatments – dry seed with complete coat (DSCC), dry cracked seed coat (DCS), dry de-hulled seed (DDS), soaked seed with complete coat (SSCC), soaked cracked seed coat (SCC) and soaked de-hulled seed (SDS) on the germination percentage and growth indicators of moringa plant. The treatments were replicated eight times in a completely randomized design.
The results indicated that DSCC had significantly higher (p=0.05) seed germination percentage than SCC, SSCC, DCS, DDS and SDS by 12, 43.5, 50, 56 and 75%, respectively, at 1 week after sowing (WAS). The trend for vegetative growth was in the order of DCS > DDS > DSCC > SSCC > SDS > SCC at 10 WAS. However, DDS had significantly higher (p=0.05) total biomass weight than DSCC, DCS, SSCC, SCC and SDS on fresh basis by 1.86, 2.17, 2.40, 4.51 and 3.03 g pot-1.
Thus, de-hulling dry moringa seeds before sowing could harness optimal biomass production for quick establishment when transplanted to the field. However, this experiment should be carried on a wide range of soil texture, which could affect seed germination and growth performance.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Moringa, germination percentage, growth parameters, biomass
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishMoringahttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24663
EnglishGerminationhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3247
EnglishGrowth factorshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36557
Englishbiomasshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_926
Subjects: Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2015: 3rd African Organic Conference
Nigeria
ISBN:978-979-4563-7-3
Deposited By: Oshunsanya, Dr S. O.
ID Code:28606
Deposited On:09 Feb 2017 13:39
Last Modified:09 Feb 2017 13:39
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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