Weibel, Franco; Schmid, Andi and Häseli, Andreas (2003) Efficient Multi-location Testing of Scab Resistant Cultivars for Organic Apple Production in Switzerland. In: Janick, J. (Ed.) XXVI International Horticultural Congress – Genetics and Breeding of Tree Fruits and Nuts. International Society for Horticultural Sience (ISHS), pp. 335-342.
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The market and production of organic apples is growing worldwide. Most of the production occurs on freshly converted orchards with cultivars very sensitive to apple scab (Venturia inaequalis) that in humid conditions need an intensive plant protection program. For the future development of organic fruit growing towards a credibly sustainable production it is necessary to replace these cultivars with scab resistant or tolerant cultivars. Cultivar testing under organic growing conditions is therefore an important task. We describe our testing concept that consists of precision trials where cultivars are tested with an without aphid control and with and without crop load regulation. In parallel, we carry out on-farm trials with the most promising cultivars on up to 10 commercial, certified organic farms in all apple growing regions of Switzerland. Our experience with the concept is mostly positive because recommendations for the organic growers can be made relatively fast and reliably. However the test system is costly and labor intensive.
|EPrint Type:||Book chapter|
|Keywords:||Bioobstbau, Bioprüfung Kernobstsorten, Malus ×domestica, apple cultivar, scab, resistance, testing|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries|
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
|Research affiliation:||Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crop Production|
|Related Links:||http://www.fibl.org/forschung/anbautechnik-mehrjaehrig/index.php, http://www.actahort.org/books/622/622_32.htm|
|Deposited By:||Weibel, Franco|
|Deposited On:||11 Jun 2004|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:29|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
|Additional Publishing Information:||This title is available both in print and ActaHort CD-rom format |
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