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Complex interplay of future climate levels of CO2, ozone and temperature on susceptibility to fungal diseases in barley

Mikkelsen, B. L. ; Jørgensen, R. B. and Lyngkjær, M. F. (2014) Complex interplay of future climate levels of CO2, ozone and temperature on susceptibility to fungal diseases in barley. Plant Pathology, n/a, n/a-n/a.

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Online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppa.12272/abstract

Summary

Barley (Hordeum vulgare) was grown in different climatic environments with elevated CO2 (700 vs 385 ppm), O3 (60/90 vs 20 ppb) and temperature (24/19 vs 19/12°C day/night) as single factors and in combinations, to evaluate the impact of these climatic factors on photosynthesis and susceptibility to powdery mildew and spot blotch disease. No significant increase in net CO2 assimilation rate was observed in barley grown under elevated CO2 at ambient temperature. However, this rate was positively stimulated under elevated temperature together with a slightly higher potential quantum efficiency of PSII, both at ambient and elevated CO2, suggesting that photosynthesis was not limited by CO2 at ambient temperature. When growing under elevated temperature or O3, infection by the biotrophic powdery mildew fungus decreased, whereas disease symptoms and growth of the toxin-secreting hemibiotrophic spot blotch fungus increased compared to ambient conditions, implying that climate-induced changes in disease severity could be linked to the trophic lifestyle of the pathogens. Elevated CO2 decreased powdery mildew infection but had no effect on spot blotch disease compared to ambient condition. However, the effect of elevated CO2, O3 and temperature did not act in an additive manner when combined. This led to a surprising disease development in the combination treatments, where powdery mildew infection increased despite the individual reducing effect of the climatic factors, and spot blotch disease decreased despite the individual promoting effect of temperature and ozone, emphasizing the importance of conducting multifactorial experiments when evaluating the potential effects of climate change.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:climate change, CO2, ozone, photosynthesis, powdery mildew, spot blotch
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > COBRA
Denmark > DTU - Technical University of Denmark
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
ISSN:1365-3059
DOI:10.1111/ppa.12272
Deposited By: Girling, Dr Robbie
ID Code:27866
Deposited On:17 Dec 2014 13:12
Last Modified:18 Dec 2014 09:49
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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