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Percepção agroambiental dos agricultores familiares no sudoeste do Paraná: o caso de Capanema.

Nascimento, Humberto Miranda do (2007) Percepção agroambiental dos agricultores familiares no sudoeste do Paraná: o caso de Capanema. [The agro-environmental perception family farmers of Paraná's southeast region: the case of Capanema municipality.] Revista Brasileira de Agroecologia, 2 (3), pp. 20-40.

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Online at: http://www.aba-agroecologia.org.br/revistas/index.php/rbagroecologia/article/view/6672/4977

Summary

Até que ponto um maior discernimento dos agricultores familiares em relação a questões ambientais contribui de fato para reduzir as vulnerabilidades ambientais? A percepção agroambiental do agricultor familiar acerca do recrudescimento do processo degradação dos solos revela que, por causa do forte incentivo às culturas de exportação, foi gerada uma contradição entre a necessidade de divisas para o país e a sustentabilidade da agricultura familiar. O objetivo do artigo é analisar a percepção agroambiental do agricultor familiar por meio do estudo de caso do município de Capanema, vizinho ao Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, situado na Região Sudoeste do Estado do Paraná. Como metodologia, realizamos um Diagnóstico Agroambiental para captar a percepção de trinta agricultores familiares, a fim de verificar o nível de adoção de práticas conservacionistas pelos agricultores em face das vulnerabilidades ambientais decorrentes do caráter capital- intensivo do padrão agrícola. Como conclusão, o estudo de caso nos permite afirmar que, mesmo numa região com estrutura agrária mais democrática, as vulnerabilidades ambientais persistem porque as estratégias de reprodução da agricultura familiar ainda estão estreitamente associadas ao desempenho do mercado exportador de grãos.

Summary translation

Until which point a bigger discernment of the family agriculturist in relation with environmental issues contributes to the fact of to reduce environment vulnerabilities? The agro-environmental perception of the family agriculturist about the recrudescence of the soil's degradation process helps to reveal that, because of the strong incentives to the exportation culture a contradiction was generated between the necessity of favorable commercial balance to the country and the environmental sustainability of the family's agriculture. The objective of this article is to discuss the agro-environmental perception family of the agriculturist's by means of the case study analysis of the city of Capanema, neighbor of the Iguaçu National Park that is situated in the Southeaster Region of the State of Paraná (Brazil). As methodology we realized a Agro-Environmental Diagnosis to captivate the environmental perception of thirty family agriculturists to measure the levei of adoption of conservative practices by the family agriculturists in the face of the environmental vulnerabilities deriving from the agrarian intensive capital pallern. As conclusion, the case study allows us to aflirm that, even in a region with a more democratic agrarian structure, the environmental vulnerabilities persist beca use the reproduction strategies of the family agriculture are narrowly associated with the grain's market exportation imperatives.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Percepção agroambiental, agricultura familiar, vulnerabilidade ambiental. Agro-environmental perception, family agriculture, environmental vulnerability.
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishagroecologyhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_92381
EnglishFamily farmshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2787
Englishenvironmental managementhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37875
Subjects: Farming Systems > Farm economics
Farming Systems
Farming Systems > Social aspects
Research affiliation: Brazil > Other organizations
ISSN:1980-9735
Related Links:http://www.aba-agroecologia.org.br/revistas/index.php/rbagroecologia/index
Deposited By: Ventura, João Paulo
ID Code:27726
Deposited On:08 Apr 2015 18:03
Last Modified:08 Apr 2015 18:03
Document Language:Portuguese/Portugues
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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