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Soil chemical properties under different nutrient managements in Estonia

Sanches De Cima, Diego; Reintam, Endla; Eremeev, Viacheslav and Luik, Anne (2013) Soil chemical properties under different nutrient managements in Estonia. In: Mikomägi, Annika and Vilumaa, Kadri (Eds.) Book of Abstracts Down to Earth, p. 63.

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Summary

A five years research run at the experimental station of the Estonian University of Life Sciences in Eerika, Tartu, Estonia since 2008 on Albic Stagnic Luvisol soil, compared the evolution of different elements (Corg, N, P, K) in soil with time, on the basis of conventional and organic farming. For this aim, 80 plots under the same crop rotation (pea, potato, barley, red clover and winter wheat) were divided as follows: 40 cultivated under conventional farming system with different concentrations of mineral fertilizers (20 without addition of chemical fertilizers: N0P0K0; and 20 with a final concentration equals to N125P25K95) and the remaining 40 plots cultivated under organic farming conditions with winter oil-rape after pea, winter rye after potato and ryegrass after winter wheat as cover crops. In addition, 20 of them (ORG. II) received yearly 40 t ha-1.
Results showed that after five years the concentration of organic carbon (Corg) in the soil decreased for all the treatments except for the ORG. II which slightly increased. In the case of total nitrogen (N) and plant available phosphorus (P) the conventional plots with addition of fertilizers (N125P25K95) showed a better respond, with lower year-to-year losses of N, and an slightly increase in the concentration of P. Finally, plant available potassium (K) in the soil, decreased significantly (P<0,05) with time for all the treatments, being less pronounced in the case of the N125P25K95 and the ORG. II plots. According with the results, the addition of cattle manure may help to improve the Corg in the soil, but it is not enough for maintaining a positive nutrient balance in the soil. In conclusion mineral nutrient amendments combined with organic farming practices like the incorporation of manure, may help to maintain and improve in some cases the nutrient levels in the soil with time.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:green manure, cattle manure, crop rotation, soil
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Soil
Research affiliation: Estonia > Estonian University of Life Sciences
European Union > CORE Organic II > TILMAN-ORG
Estonia
European Union > CORE Organic II
Deposited By: Pehme, Sirli
ID Code:26838
Deposited On:26 Aug 2014 08:47
Last Modified:26 Aug 2014 08:47
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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