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Public perceptions of rural landscapes in land consolidation procedures in Poland

Kupidura, Adrianna; Łuczewski, Michael; Home, Robert and Kupidura, Przemysław (2014) Public perceptions of rural landscapes in land consolidation procedures in Poland. Land Use Policy, online, - .

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Online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.02.005

Summary

A high level of fragmentation of farms exists in many parts of Poland, which leads to inefficiency in farm management and a range of logistical problems. Land consolidation is a process that reverses fragmentation by enabling an exchange of plots of equivalent value between participants. The primary aim of land consolidation is to improve spatial and economic conditions for farming by decreasing the number of separate plots that belong to a given farm, adjusting the shape of plots to enable mechanized cultivation of soil, and decreasing the distance between dwellings and cultivated plots. Contemporary consolidation works, performed in compliance with the principles of sustainable development, enable creation of legaland spatial conditions that allow the multifunctional development of rural areas and may be used as an instrument to shape rural landscapes. However, the implicit value of landscape is often not taken intoconsideration during the plot valuation that is undertaken as part of consolidation procedures. The aim of this research is to determine the perceptions and attitudes toward rural landscape elementsheld by three groups of landscape users: (i) visitors, (ii) farmers who live in areas that are not subjectto landscape consolidation processes and (iii) farmers who are engaged in consolidation processes. The focus group method and the L-sort (Landscape sort) method were used to assess attitudes and perceptions,with particular focus on whether there are the differences between the groups and how the perceptionof landscape value is influenced by: (i) the land consolidation process it self; (ii) the development of farmtourism; and (iii) European Union policies. The results revealed a traditional pattern of landscape appraisalthat is strengthened by a utilitarian approach to the value of land in the consolidation procedure. This pattern has the potential to change due to a developing awareness that optimally shaped landscapes maycontribute to attracting visitors and/or allow the landowner to obtain financial support under European Union programs. The paper concludes that the esthetic and cultural value of landscape elements should be taken into consideration when evaluating land during the consolidation procedure.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Rural landscape, Landscape perception, Landscape value, Consolidation procedure, Sozioökonomie
Subjects: Farming Systems > Social aspects
Environmental aspects > Landscape and recreation
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Socio-Economics
Deposited By: Home, Dr Robert
ID Code:25253
Deposited On:28 Mar 2014 23:24
Last Modified:30 Oct 2017 09:50
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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