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Development of organic indica rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.) for the wetlands of Kerala, India through new concepts and strategies of crop improvement

T., Vanaja; K.P., Mammooty and M., Govindan (2013) Development of organic indica rice cultivar (Oryza sativa L.) for the wetlands of Kerala, India through new concepts and strategies of crop improvement. Journal of Organic Systems, 8 (2), pp. 18-28.

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Summary

Developing crop varieties that are less dependent on the heavy application of synthetic fertilizers is essential for the sustainability of agriculture. Here we report the development of a new rice cultivar, the first of its kind possessing the general criteria for an organic rice variety, at the same time suitable for chemical agriculture as well, and with favourable cooking and nutritive qualities. The method adopted for cultivar development was a
combined strategy of pedigree breeding, organic plant breeding, and farmer participatory breeding approaches. Considering its high grain and straw yield potential even under organic management and unfavorable soil conditions, and its other favorable quality and organic varietal traits, farmers have started large scale cultivation of this cultivar even before its commercial release. The cultivar, namely culture MK 157, is at the pipe end of variety release in the Kerala state of India.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic farming, organic plant breeding, organic rice, sustainable agriculture, participatory plant breeding.
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishOrganic farmingUNSPECIFIED
Englishorganic plant breedingUNSPECIFIED
Englishorganic riceUNSPECIFIED
Englishsustainable agricultureUNSPECIFIED
Englishparticipatory plant breedingUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Systems research and participatory research
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
"Organics" in general > History of organics
Research affiliation: India
ISSN:1177-4258
Deposited By: Taliyil, Dr. Vanaja
ID Code:25024
Deposited On:23 Jan 2014 08:00
Last Modified:23 Jan 2014 08:00
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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