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Regulatio of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and sulphotransferase 2A1 gene expression in primary porcine hepatocytes by selected sex-steroids and plant secondary metabolites from chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and wormwood (Artemisia sp.)

Rasmussen , Martin Krøyer and Ekstrand, Bo (2014) Regulatio of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and sulphotransferase 2A1 gene expression in primary porcine hepatocytes by selected sex-steroids and plant secondary metabolites from chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and wormwood (Artemisia sp.). Gene, 536 (1), pp. 53-58.

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Summary

In pigs the endogenously produced compound androstenone is metabolised in the liver in two steps by 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) and sulphotransferase 2A1 (SULT2A1). The present study investigated the effect of selected sex-steroids (0.01–1 μM androstenone, testosterone and estradiol), skatole (1-100 μM) and secondary plant metabolites (1–100 μM) on the expression of 3β-HSD and SULT2A1 mRNA. Additionally the effect of a global methanolic extract of dried chicory root was investigated and compared to previous obtained in vivo effects. Primary hepatocytes were isolated from the livers of piglets (crossbreed: Landrace × Yorkshire and Duroc) and cultured for 24 h before treatment for an additionally 24 h. RNA was isolated from the hepatocytes and specific gene expression determined by RT-PCR using TaqMan probes. The investigated sex-steroids had no effect on the mRNA expression of 3β-HSD and SULT2A1, while skatole decreased the content of SULT2A1 30% compared to control. Of the investigated secondary plant metabolites artemisinin and scoparone (found in Artemisia sp.) lowered the content of SULT2A1 by 20 and 30% compared to control, respectively. Moreover, we tested three secondary plant metabolites (lactucin, esculetin and esculin) found in chicory root. Lactucin increased the mRNA content of both 3β-HSD and SULT2A1 by 200% compared to control. An extract of chicory root was shown to decrease the expression of both 3β-HSD and SULT2A1. It is concluded that the gene expression of enzymes with importance for androstenone metabolism is regulated by secondary plant metabolites in a complex manner.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Breeding and genetics
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 1 > NO-CAST
DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.11.092
Deposited By: Madsen, Academic employee Mette Graves
ID Code:24969
Deposited On:15 Jan 2014 11:37
Last Modified:09 Apr 2015 10:19
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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