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Is agroecology the most sustainable approach for all organic farming systems?

Bàrberi, Paolo (2013) Is agroecology the most sustainable approach for all organic farming systems? In: Løes, Anne-Kristin; Askegaard, Margrethe; Langer, Vibeke; Partanen, Kirsi; Pehme, Sirli; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Salomon, Eva; Sørensen, Peter; Ullvén, Karin and Wivstad, Maria (Eds.) Organic farming systems as a driver for change, NJF Report, no. 9 (3), pp. 27-29.

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Online at: http://www.njf.nu/filebank/files/20130827$203251$fil$4F15WCXLGK9vjP9XUSjP.pdf

Summary

Analysis of very diverse Italian organic production systems through dedicated research projects revealed that all of them have ample margins of improvement in sustainability. The ‘multifunctional organic system’ (small-scale farms, produce sold on local or regional markets, agroecologically-based management) must seek optimisation of production, cost reduction, and a better access/distribution of labour in peak times. The ‘specialised organic system’ (medium-large farms, produce sold on supermarkets or abroad, input substitution-based management) should seek viable, more ecologically-based alternatives to input substitution to mitigate its high environmental impact. Literature suggests that this divergence between organic production systems is occurring in many countries. National and international organic standards should not only be more aligned towards their claimed sustainability objectives but also clearly distinguish from future integrated production standards. Incorporation of more agroecologically-based management options (e.g. functional biodiversity) should help keep organic farming duly identifiable by people, but practical solutions would need to be tailored to the specific production system.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishSustainable agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33561
EnglishOrganic agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15911
EnglishAgroecologyhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_92381
EnglishItalyhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4026
Subjects: Farming Systems > Farm economics
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2013: NJF Seminar 461 - Organic farming systems as a driver for change
ISSN:1653-2015
Deposited By: Sørensen, Peter
ID Code:24436
Deposited On:06 Nov 2013 19:24
Last Modified:08 Nov 2013 12:56
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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