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Conversion to organic farming; experiences from Punjab and Uttarakhand

Nicolaysen, A.M. (2013) Conversion to organic farming; experiences from Punjab and Uttarakhand. In: Løes, Anne-Kristin; Askegaard, Margrethe; Langer, Vibeke; Partanen, Kirsi; Pehme, Sirli; Rasmussen, Ilse A.; Salomon, Eva; Sørensen, Peter; Ullvén, Karin and Wivstad, Maria (Eds.) Organic farming systems as a driver for change, NJF Report, no. 9 (3), pp. 33-34.

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Online at: http://www.njf.nu/filebank/files/20130827$203251$fil$4F15WCXLGK9vjP9XUSjP.pdf

Summary

This research indicates that it is possible for farmers to convert from an intensive conventional system (Punjab) to organic farming, or to make a living on a smallholding in difficult terrain (Uttarakhand). Both alternatives can provide a good livelihood with sustainable methods. I also found that the organizations that assist the farmers in this transition are crucial, because they teach the farmers new methods and give practical and moral support during a time when they feel uncertain making such a large change in how they make their living. One of them is Navdanya, which has been working in Uttarakhand and in several other states in India for nearly three decades. The organization trains and supports farmers converting to organic practices and helps to improve the farming methods of those farmers who have been using traditional, natural methods all along. While a reduction in crop yield, especially during the conversion period, is seen in intensive production systems such as those in Punjab, traditional, low-input production systems as in Uttarakhand often see an immediate increase in the yields after converting to organic methods. This is because in organic agriculture, the farmers make use of a number of on-farm fertility sources including vermi compost, crop residue, and animal manure. Multi-cropping is also used to increase production on small plots and to reduce the risk of loss where there is drought or other difficult climatic conditions.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishSmall scale farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28766
EnglishOrganic agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15911
EnglishTransitional farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7868
EnglishIndiahttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3825
EnglishInterviewshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_37343
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2013: NJF Seminar 461 - Organic farming systems as a driver for change
ISSN:1653-2015
Deposited By: Sørensen, Peter
ID Code:24434
Deposited On:06 Nov 2013 19:34
Last Modified:06 Nov 2013 19:34
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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