Costanzo, Ambrogio and Bàrberi, Paolo (2013) Functional agrobiodiversity and agroecosystem services in sustainable wheat production. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, online, - .
- Accepted Version
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Agrobiodiversity can improve the sustainability of cropping systems in a context of low external inputs and unpredictable climate change. Agrobiodiversity strategies to grow wheat are breeding ad hoc cultivars for organic and low-input systems, wheat–legume intercrops and living mulches, cultivar mixtures, and the use of genetically heterogeneous populations. However, applying those strategies can fail due the lack of a well-focused framework. Therefore, we need a better integration between breeding and management and a clear focus on crop traits related to key agroecosystem services. Here, we review the use of agrobiodiversity in wheat production, focusing on breeding and management. We discuss five agroecosystem services: (1) weed reduction, (2) nitrogen use efficiency, (3) abiotic stress tolerance, (4) disease and pest reduction and (5) yield and yield stability. We categorise agrobiodiversity into functional identity, functional composition, and functional diversity, in order to link crop traits to agroecosystem services. Linking crop traits to agroecosystem services could in turn lead to concrete options for farmers and policy. We discuss the relations between crop identity and crop heterogeneity. We also discuss the partitioning of crop heterogeneity between functional composition and functional diversity.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||Agroecosystemservice, Breeding, Composite cross population, Cultivar mixture, Evolutionary breeding, Intercropping, Living mulch, Lowinput, Organic farming, Trait, TILMAN-ORG, Funktionelle Biodiverstität|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds|
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
|Research affiliation:|| European Union > CORE Organic II > TILMAN-ORG|
Italy > Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa
|ISSN:||1774-0746 (Print) 1773-0155 (Online)|
|Deposited By:||Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL|
|Deposited On:||01 Oct 2013 13:32|
|Last Modified:||01 Oct 2013 13:32|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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