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Organic Farms in the EU: Policy impacts and adaptation strategies of typical arable and dairy farms

Häring, A. M. (2002) Organic Farms in the EU: Policy impacts and adaptation strategies of typical arable and dairy farms. In: Proceedings of the 10th EAAE Congress.

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Summary

Organic farming is increasingly considered in the European Common Agricultural Policy. Sound evaluations of the effects of policy measures on organic farms in the EU are needed to face the challenges in future policy design.
The effects of various policy scenarios on profitability and development strategies of typical organic arable and dairy farms are analysed for the EU countries Germany, Denmark, the United Kingdom and Italy. Based on an approach which integrates simulation modelling and focus groups, profitability of model farms is analysed ex-post for year the 1999 and their potential development simulated until 2008 under Agenda 2000 and three alternative policy scenarios. For each policy scenario potential farm adaptation strategies are analysed.
Size, structure, productivity, achieved output prices and policy surrounding of typical organic farms differ widely between countries and farm types. Great differences in the contribution of payments to total farm profit and farm family labour remuneration are observed. Dairy model farms are expected to slightly benefit from Agenda 2000, while arable farms are more susceptible to price reductions realised in the Agenda 2000 package. In adaptation to Agenda 2000 organic dairy farms are expected to grow, while arable farms are more likely to diversify production or envisage valued adding strategies. The effects of alternative policy scenarios on profitability of typical farms are similar in all countries. The choice of adaptation strategy of farmers in the different countries, however, vary significantly, mainly due to the current market situation.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:EU, policy, arable farms, dairy, simulation modelling, focus groups, Agenda, policy measure, Agrarpolitik, Modellversuche, Entwicklung, Zukunft
Subjects: Farming Systems > Farm economics
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
"Organics" in general
Research affiliation: Germany > University of Hohenheim > Production Theory and Resource Economics
Related Links:http://www.eaae.org/activities/html/10th%20congress/10th%20congress.htm
Deposited By: Bichler, Dipl.-Ing.sc.agr. Barbara
ID Code:2314
Deposited On:19 Feb 2004
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:28
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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