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Kohlenstoffspeicherung und Treibhausgasflüsse in Böden unter biologischer und konventioneller Bewirtschaftung – Ergebnisse aus zwei globalen Meta-Analysen

Gattinger, Andreas; Skinner, Colin; Müller, Adrian; Fließbach, Andreas; Mäder, Paul; Häni, Matthias; Buchmann, Nina; Stolze, Matthias and Niggli, Urs (2013) Kohlenstoffspeicherung und Treibhausgasflüsse in Böden unter biologischer und konventioneller Bewirtschaftung – Ergebnisse aus zwei globalen Meta-Analysen. Paper at: 12. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn, 5. bis 8. März 2013.

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Summary

Explorative literature searches followed by meta-analyses were conducted to identify differences in soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil-derived greenhouse gas emissions between organic and non-organic farming systems. Within a total of 74 studies we found significantly higher SOC concentrations, SOC stocks and C sequestration rates in organically managed soils compared to those under non-organic management. Meta-analysis of soil-derived GHG flux data from 19 studies revealed lower N2O emissions and higher CH4 uptake rates in soils under organic management when related to acreage. Due to lower yields in organic farming systems higher GHG emissions from these systems were obtained when the data was related to unit crop yield. The poor availability of farming system comparisons from developing countries, at present, renders the transfer of the obtained results to these extremely vulnerable environments difficult. However, the presented approach is open to regular updates once relevant data from these regions are published.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:climate change, farming systems, soil carbon, greenhouse gases
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Sustainability > Climate Change
International Conferences > 2013: Scientific Conference Organic Agriculture > Plant & soil
Related Links:http://www.wissenschaftstagung.de/, https://www.verlag-koester.de/index.php?id=114&tx_fbmagento[shop][route]=catalog&tx_fbmagento[shop][controller]=product&tx_fbmagento[shop][action]=view&tx_fbmagento[shop][id]=1137&tx_fbmagento[shop][s]=beitrage-zur-12-wissenschaftstagung-okologischer-land
Deposited By: Gattinger, Dr. Andreas
ID Code:21581
Deposited On:09 Sep 2013 12:38
Last Modified:20 May 2015 09:48
Document Language:German/Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsband der 12. Wissenschaftstagung erschienen.
Dr. D. Neuhoff, C. Stumm, S. Ziegler u.a. (Hrsg.)
Beiträge zur 12. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau
Ideal und Wirklichkeit: Perspektiven ökologischer Landbewirtschaftung
Erscheinungsjahr: 2013
ISBN-13: 9783895748158
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin

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