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Successful Blossom Thinning and Crop Load Regulation for Organic Apple Growing with Potassium-bi-carbonate (Armicarb®): Results of Field Experiments over 3 Years with 11 Cultivars

Weibel, F. P.; Lemcke, B.; Monzelio, U.; Giordano, I. and Kloss, B. (2012) Successful Blossom Thinning and Crop Load Regulation for Organic Apple Growing with Potassium-bi-carbonate (Armicarb®): Results of Field Experiments over 3 Years with 11 Cultivars. European Journal of Horticultural Science, 77 (4), pp. 145-153.

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Summary

With field trials over 3 years in a commercial organic orchard in Switzerland we have tested the efficacy of Armicarb® (potassium-bi-carbonate) for flower thinning in organic apple production. Over time, Armicarb was tested on 11 cultivars, at different application periods, in different concentrations, and always in comparison to other agents that are already allowed for thinning in organic fruit production in the European Union as e.g. lime sulphur, molasses, mechanical ropethinner or combinations of methods. Armicarb proved to be an efficient and reliable thinning agent with an efficacy similar to the now recommended methods with rope device, molasses or lime sulphur but has the advantage to be an environmentally very friendly product. On the other hand, the risk for fruit russeting is comparably elevated especially with cultivars ‘Elstar’, ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Gala’. Finally, we have elaborated cultivar-specific recommendations for the use of Armicarb for thinning purposes, which were the basis for the Swiss Federal approval to use Armicarb for thinning in conventional and organic apple production in 2011/2012.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:apple, organic, thinning, crop regulation, potassium-bi-carbonate, Anbautechnik Sonderkulturen, Obstbau, Armicarb
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crop Production > Fruit Production
ISSN:1611-4426
Deposited By: Weibel, Franco
ID Code:21157
Deposited On:16 Aug 2012 10:33
Last Modified:14 Jan 2013 13:58
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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