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Interactions between pre- and post-emergence weed harrowing in spring cereals

Brandsæter, Lars O. ; Mangerud, Kjell and Rasmussen, Jesper (2012) Interactions between pre- and post-emergence weed harrowing in spring cereals. Weed Research, 52, pp. 338-347.

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Pre- and post-emergence weed harrowing were studied in spring cereals in different environments and with two
types of harrows in Norway during 2004–2006. The objectives were to investigate interactions between pre and post-emergence weed harrowing and the importance of harrow type. We hypothesised that pre- and post-emergence harrowing interact positively, that a combination gives more stable weed control effects than pre- and post-emergence weed harrowing used alone, and that a harrow type with bent tines is more aggressive and suitable on hard-packed soils than a harrow with strait tines. The results only supported the last of these hypotheses. Post-emergence weed harrowing controlled a certain percentage of the present weeds, and this percentage was not dependent on pre-emergence weed harrowing. On average, pre-emergence harrowing reduced weed density by 26% and weed biomass by 22%, while the average effect of postemergence harrowing was 47% on weed density and 41% on weed biomass. The combined effect of pre- and
post-emergence weed harrowing was 61% on weed density and 54% on weed biomass. The combination did not give more stable weed control effects than preand post-emergence weed harrowing used alone. Preemergence harrowing increased the average crop yield by 6.2%, post-emergence harrowing by 4.0% and the combined effect was 10%. Crop yield was mainly increased on hard-packed soils. Weed and crop responses varied strongly among experiments, but the efficacy of pre- and post-emergence weed harrowing was positively correlated across experiments. Weed species composition was of minor importance regarding weed control. The study indicates that one aggressive postemergence cultivation may be as good as one preemergence and one less aggressive post-emergence cultivation. However, little is known about the interactions
between cultivation at different crop and weed growth stages

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > WEEDS - Control of weeds in organic cropping
Deposited By: Rasmussen, Associate professor Jesper
ID Code:21137
Deposited On:07 Sep 2012 11:19
Last Modified:12 May 2013 10:19
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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