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Strip cropping of alternating perennial grass-clover and annual rye - vetch intercrops when grown within an organic farming system

Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Johansen , Anders; Carter, Mette S.; Ambus, Per and Jensen, Erik Steen (2012) Strip cropping of alternating perennial grass-clover and annual rye - vetch intercrops when grown within an organic farming system. Field Crops Research, 136 ( ), 1-11.

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Summary

A field experiment was carried out including alternating perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) – clover (Trifolium repens + Trifolium pretense L.) pasture mix with annual vetch (Vicia villosa L.) – winter rye (Secale cereale L.) intercrops. The annuals were established after soil incorporation of a 1st-year grass-clover in a 6-m wide strip, whereas the perennials were established without incorporating the 1st-year grass-clover in an equivalent 6-m wide strip. This resulted in an early interspecific competitive advantage for the perennial strip and especially limiting growth of the rye component. Relative clover proportion in the sward increased with increasing distance to the annual strip indicating more available soil mineral N in the interface between the perennial and the annual strip. Compensative growth of the grass-clover when grown in close proximity to the annual strip was only partly counterbalancing the decreased total crop productivity in the rye-vetch intercrop. Across the whole growing season (Sept. - Aug.) approximately the same amount of biomass was produced when dividing the field into strips (6x6m) as compared to growing the same area with the traditional single-field cropping strategy. There was a greater total aboveground plant N uptake in sole cropped vetch and the rye-vetch intercrop compared to the rye sole crop due to vetch N2-fixation, but with severe vetch-growth depression when intercropped. The amount of vetch-N2 fixed was reduced with about 9 g N m-2 when intercropped as compared to the sole cropping situation. Light interception by the annual crop when grown in close proximity to the grass-clover strip was reduced due to the lower aboveground biomass yield and assumed belowground competitive interactions. Less soil water content below the perennial strip indicated greater water uptake, than below the annual strips. Unfortunately, the present strip cropping system did not possess the right balance of co-existence and complementarity. However, from a practical point of view the system was manageable indicating potentials to diversify agricultural fields and develop future cropping systems which are more complex and thereby resilient to externalities.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Food systems > Recycling, balancing and resource management
Crop husbandry
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > BIOCONCENS - Biomass and bio-energy production in organic agriculture
Deposited By: Hauggaard-Nielsen, Senior scientist Henrik
ID Code:20913
Deposited On:13 Jun 2012 06:52
Last Modified:26 Apr 2013 07:39
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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