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The Critical Point of Conventionally Bred Soft Wheat Varieties in Organic Farming Systems

Konvalina, Petr; Stehno, Zdenek and Moudry, Jan (2009) The Critical Point of Conventionally Bred Soft Wheat Varieties in Organic Farming Systems. Agronomy Research, 7 (2), pp. 801-810.

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Summary

Nowdays, wheat is the most important crop for organic farming system. However, the varieties breeded and tested in the conditions of organic farming system are still missing. It gives rise to very low level of yield in the Czech Republic (less than 50% of level of convention
one in the same conditions). One of the reasons is that the ideotype of organic breeded variety is different from conventional one. The varieties suitable for organic farming system differ in many respects from those adopted in conventional farming. The first difference is obvious from the conventional tests of use value of the varieties, taking just some direct indicators influencing the main parameter (yield) into account. Generally speaking, the features to be tested can be divided into 4 groups: the morphological, the biological, the economic and quality parameters. The conventional varieties are bred in conditions characterised by an abundance of soluble
nutrients, and therefore, their root systems are not adapted to an insufficiency of nutrients or weaker bonding of nutrients. The competitiveness to weeds has also been ignored. Any conventional variety, which has never confronted any strong weeds during the breeding
process, cannot be assumed to be competitive enough in the conditions of an organic agroecosystem. Resistance to diseases and pests can be similarly characterised. The variety is protected by pesticides throughout the conventional breeding process. Because of the seasonal
fluctuations in weather, we need a plastic and flexible variety. They are also different from the point of view of their qualitative parameters.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:organic farming, bred wheat, ideotype, variety
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Czech Republic > University of South Bohemia (JCU)
ISSN:1406-894X
Deposited By: Konvalina, Dr. Petr
ID Code:20772
Deposited On:03 May 2012 10:39
Last Modified:03 May 2012 10:39
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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