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Co-production of ethanol, biogas, protein fodder and natural fertilizer in organic farming – evaluation of a concept for a farm-scale biorefinery

Oleskowicz-Popiel, Piotr; Kádár, Zsófia; Heiske, Stefan; Klein-Marcuschamer , D.; Simmons, Blake A.; Blanch, Harvey W. and Schmidt, Jens Ejbye (2012) Co-production of ethanol, biogas, protein fodder and natural fertilizer in organic farming – evaluation of a concept for a farm-scale biorefinery. Bioresource Technology, 104, 440- 446.

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Summary

The addition of a biorefinery to an organic farm was investigated, where ethanol was produced from germinated
rye grains and whey, and the effluent was separated into two streams: the protein-rich solid fraction, to be used as animal feed, and the liquid fraction, which can be co-digested with clover grass silage to produce biogas. A method for ethanol production from rye was applied by utilizing inherent amylase activity from germination of the seed. Biogas potential of ethanol fermentation effluent was
measured through anaerobic digestion trials. The effluent from the trials was assumed to serve as natural fertilizer. A technoeconomic analysis was also performed; total capital investment was estimated to be approximately 4 M USD. Setting a methane selling price according to available incentives for "green electricity" (0.72 USD/m3) led to a minimum ethanol selling price of 1.89 USD/L (project lifetime 25 yr, at a discount rate 10%).


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Technology assessment
Crop husbandry > Post harvest management and techniques
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > BIOCONCENS - Biomass and bio-energy production in organic agriculture
Deposited By: Kádár, Zsófia
ID Code:20461
Deposited On:01 Jun 2012 09:15
Last Modified:01 Jun 2012 09:15
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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