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Carotenoids: Actual knowledge on food sources, intakes, stability and bioavailability and their protective role in humans

Maiani, G.; Castón, M.J.; Catasta, G.; Toti, E.; Cambrodón, I.G.; Bysted, A.; Granado-Lorencio, F.; Olmedilla-Alonso, B.; Knuthsen, Pia; Valoti, M.; Böhm, V.; Mayer-Miebach, Esther; Behsnilian, D. and Schlemmer, U. (2009) Carotenoids: Actual knowledge on food sources, intakes, stability and bioavailability and their protective role in humans. Mol.Nutr.Food Res, 53, pp. 194-218.

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Summary

Carotenoids are one of the major food micronutrients in human diets and the overall objective of this review is to re-examine the role of carotenoids in human nutrition. We have emphasized the attention on the following carotenoids present in food and human tissues: β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, -carotene, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin; we have reported the major food sources and dietary intake of these compounds. We have tried to summarize positive and negative effects of food processing, storage, cooking on carotenoid content and carotenoid bioavailability. In particular, we have evidenced the possibility to improve carotenoids bioavailability in accordance with changes and variations of technology procedures.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Food systems
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > ORGTRACE - Organic food and health
Denmark > DTU - Technical University of Denmark
Germany
Spain
Italy
Denmark > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Deposited By: Holst Laursen, PhD student Kristian
ID Code:19116
Deposited On:07 Jul 2011 09:46
Last Modified:07 Jul 2011 09:46
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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