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Anaerobic digestion as a tool to eliminate animal parasites and weed seeds

Johansen, Anders; Hansen, Christian M.; Andreasen, Christian; Carlsgart, Josefine; Nielsen, Henrik Bangsø and Roepstorff, Allan (2011) Anaerobic digestion as a tool to eliminate animal parasites and weed seeds. Poster at: 24th NJF Congress, Upsala, Sweden, June the 14-16 2011.

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Summary

Anaerobic digestion of residual materials from animals and crops offers an opportunity to simultaneously produce bioenergy and plant fertilizers at single farms and in farm communities where input substrate materials and resulting digested residues are shared among member farms. A surplus benefit from this praxis may be the suppressing of propagules from harmful biological pest like animal parasites, pathogens, and weed seeds. In the BIOCONCENS project (http://www.icrofs.dk/Sider/Forskning/foejoIII_bioconcens.html) batch experiments were performed, where survival of six species of weeds and the pigs large roundworm Ascaris suum (non-embryonated eggs) was assessed under conditions similar to biogas plants managed at meso- (37°C) and thermophilic (50°C) conditions. Cattle manure was used as digestion substrate and experimental units were sampled destructively during time. Regarding survival of A. suum, the effect of thermophilic conditions was highly significant as no eggs survived more than 3 h of incubation at 50°C. Incubation at 37°C did not affect egg survival during the first 48 h and it took up to 10 days before total elimination was reached. Similarly, at 50°C complete mortality of weed seeds, irrespective of species, was reached after less than two days. At mesophilic conditions, seeds of Avena fatua, Sinapsis arvensis, Solidago Canadensis had completely lost germination ability, while Brassica napus, Fallopia convolvulus and Amzinckia micranta still maintained low levels (~1%) of germination ability after one week. Chenopodium album was the only weed species which survived one week at substantial levels (7%) although after 11 d germination ability was totally lost. In general, anaerobic digestion in biogas plants seems an efficient way (thermophilic more efficient than mesophilic) to treat organic farm wastes in a way that suppresses animal parasites and weeds so that the digestates can be applied without risking the spread of these pests.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:parasites, weed seed, health, biogas
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > BIOCONCENS - Biomass and bio-energy production in organic agriculture
Deposited By: Johansen, Senior Scientist, PhD Anders
ID Code:18901
Deposited On:14 Jun 2011 10:12
Last Modified:11 Jul 2011 13:09
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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