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The effect of concurrent infections with Pasteurella multocida and Ascaridia galli on free range chickens

Dahl, C.; Permin, A.; Christensen, J.P.; Bisgaard, M.; Muhairwa, A.P; Petersen, K.M.; Poulsen, J.S. and Jensen, A.L. (2002) The effect of concurrent infections with Pasteurella multocida and Ascaridia galli on free range chickens. Veterinary Microbiology, 86 (4), pp. 313-324.

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Online at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TD6-45C02H8-1&_coverDate=05%2F24%2F2002&_alid=123512036&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_qd=1&_cdi=5190&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000034458&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=641886&md5=396675e3a46bb63aa3519

Summary

Pasteurella multocida and Ascaridia galli are observed with high prevalences in free range chickens in Denmark, but the impact is unknown. A study was carried out to examine the interaction between A. galli and P. multocida in chickens and the impact on production. Five groups, each with 20 18-week-old Lohmann Brown chickens were infected. Group I was orally infected with 1000 +/- 50 embryonated A. galli eggs. Group 2 received 10(4) cfu p. multocida intratracheally. Group 3 was infected with A. galli and subsequently with P. multocida. Group 4 was infected with P. multocida followed by A. galli. Group 5 was the control. The study ran for I I weeks where clinical manifestations, weight gain and egg production were recorded. Excretion of P. multocida was determined on individual basis and blood smears were made for differential counts. At the end of the study pathological lesions and the number of adult worms, larvae and eggs in the faeces were recorded. The birds were more severely affected when infected with both pathogens compared to single infections with A. galli or P. multocida, respectively. A lower weight gain and egg production was observed with dual infections. A. galli infection followed by a secondary P. multocida infection resulted in more birds with pathological lesions and continued P. multocida excretion. In conclusion a negative interaction between A. galli and R multocida was observed and it is postulated that free range chickens are at higher risk of being subjected to outbreaks of fowl cholera when they are infected with A. galli.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:chicken; epidemiology; Pasteurella multocida; Ascaridia galli; concurrent infections; interactions; FOWL CHOLERA; POULTRY; OUTBREAKS; KEPT;
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > II. 6 (PPS-HW) Research in poultry production systems
Deposited By: Maag Eigaard, Ph.d-student Nicoline
ID Code:1857
Deposited On:31 Oct 2003
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:28
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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