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Carbohydrate dynamics in roots and rhizomes of Cirsium arvense and Tussilago farfara

Nkurunziza, Libère and Streibig, Jens Carl (2010) Carbohydrate dynamics in roots and rhizomes of Cirsium arvense and Tussilago farfara. Weed Research, 51 (5), pp. 461-468.

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Summary

The information of the source-sink dynamics of carbohydrates during early growth can indicate when perennial weeds are most vulnerable to mechanical control. In this study, carbohydrate contents in the roots or rhizomes of two noxious perennial weeds, Cirsium arvense and Tussilago farfara, and basipetal translocation of photo-assimilates were measured. We used HPLC for carbohydrate measurements and 14C labelling to follow the translocation of photo-assimilates during the early growth. These measurements were related to leaf number and leaf area. Fructan and fructose changed significantly over the experimental periods. Fructan for both species was greatest within two weeks after planting 5-cm long root/rhizome fragments and declined thereafter. After two weeks, fructose concentrations, which were at their minimum level at planting time, rose sharply due to fructan depolymerisation. The radioactive carbon applied to the aerial parts translocated rapidly to root or rhizome systems around 500 to 600 d° C after emergence. We concluded that while the fructan was continuously depleted in the roots or rhizomes and reached their minimum levels 33 days after emergence, the basipetal translocation of photo-assimilates started earlier (21-23 days after emergence). The carbon compensation point occurred at eight or six leaves for Cirsium arvense and Tussilago farfara, with a total leaf area of 200 cm2 for both species.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Creeping thistle, coltsfoot, compensation point, source and sink, carbohydrates, perennial weeds.
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > WEEDS - Control of weeds in organic cropping
Denmark > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Related Links:http://www.icrofs.org/Pages/Research/darcofIII_weeds.html
Deposited By: Nkurunziza, Libère
ID Code:18360
Deposited On:17 Mar 2011 13:02
Last Modified:26 Jul 2012 14:23
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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