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Herbage intake in Danish Jersey and Danish Holstein steers on perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture

Nielsen, B.; Thamsborg, S.M.; Andersen, H.R. and Kristensen, T. (2003) Herbage intake in Danish Jersey and Danish Holstein steers on perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture. Livestock Production Science, 86 (1-3), pp. 261-267.

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Summary

The objective of this study was to estimate herbage intake in Danish Friesian and Danish Jersey steers at an age of 8-9 months on ryegrass / white clover pasture. The steers were turned out on pasture in late April and herbage intake was estimated in June in steers of a mean live weight (± S.D.) of 264 ± 14 kg and 185 ± 25 kg for Danish Friesian and Danish Jersey respectively. Faeces and herbage samples were analysed for alkanes to estimate herbage dry matter intake, dry matter digestibility (DMD) and botanical composition of intake. The weight gains at the time of herbage intake estimation in June (kg/day) were 1.142 ± 265 kg/day and 0.927 ± 168 kg/day for Danish Friesian and Danish Jersey respectively. Daily herbage intake (kg dry matter (DM)) estimated by alkanes C32 /C33 was 8.33 ± 0.97 and 6.28 ± 0.61 per day (P<0.001) and 3.15 ± 0.32 and 3.43 ± 0.30 per 100 kg liveweight (LW) (P<0.05) for Danish Friesian and Danish Jersey respectively. The botanical composition of the diet was the same for Danish Friesian and Danish Jersey with about half of the diet being grass leaves and the other half clover leaves. It is concluded that Danish Jersey steers have higher herbage intake per 100 kg LW than Danish Friesian steers of the same age, but herbage intake per kg metabolic LW is not different between the two breeds.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Alkane method; Breeds; Grazing; Intake; Organic farming; Steers
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > II. 3 (PROSBIO) Production of steers and use of bioactive forages
Deposited By: Thamsborg, Professor Stig Milan
ID Code:1831
Deposited On:31 Oct 2003
Last Modified:30 Apr 2013 20:22
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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