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Certified organic agriculture in China and Brazil: Market accessibility and outcomes following adoption

Oelofse, Myles; Høgh-Jensen, Henning; Abreu, L.S.; Almeida, Gustavo Fonseca de; Hui, Qiao Yu; Sultan, Tursinbek and de Neergaard, Andreas (2010) Certified organic agriculture in China and Brazil: Market accessibility and outcomes following adoption. Ecological Economics, 69, pp. 1785-1793.

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Summary

Based on three case studies in China and Brazil, this paper explores the terms of access for farmers' participation in certified organic agriculture (OA) and investigates the influence of adoption on productivity, nutrient budgets, income and labour use. Small-scale farmers converting to OA require substantial external production-related, marketing and certification support. Access to OA was strongly dependent upon the type of support available to farmers. Organization based on a contract-farming model resulted in OA only being an option available to a narrow group of farmers, whilst OA initiated by a farmer cooperative provided better access. Gross output was significantly higher for oranges, whilst for the other crops gross output was similar. However, organic farmers in China felt that adoption had improved prices, incomes and market access.
Farmers' perception of improved incomes is probably due to improved market access coupled with either a large production base, production intensification and production diversification. This study demonstrates that organization of farmers, and the manner in which this is structured, is crucial for external support to have an effect. Thus, OA may be a development path for small farmers if the supporting structures are provided at a small financial interest rate.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Values, standards and certification > Quality and evaluation of inputs
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > GLOBALORG - Sustainability of organic farming in a global food chains perspective
Brazil > Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
China
Germany
Denmark > AU - Aarhus University > AU, NERI - National Environmental Research Institute
Denmark > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Deposited By: Jensen, Dr Henning Høgh
ID Code:18301
Deposited On:11 Feb 2011 12:08
Last Modified:29 Mar 2011 09:10
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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