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The impact of agro-biodiversity and eco-system services in development or A new vision for a just, sustainable and productive agriculture

Perfecto, Ivette (2010) The impact of agro-biodiversity and eco-system services in development or A new vision for a just, sustainable and productive agriculture. Lecture at: Agro-biodiversity and Ecosystem services, Washington DC, USA, 16th Dec. 2010.

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Online at: http://www.icrofs.org/Pages/News_and_events/2011_1_Agro_biodiversity_Ivette_Perfecto_summary.html

Summary

In this presentation I challenge the assumption that increasing yields should be a priority under all circumstances.
Today we produce enough food to feed the world but still there are 1 billion people that are hungry. The problem is not that there isn’t enough food but the poor people don’t have access to that food.
Then I examine the relationship between biodiversity and agriculture and the idea that biodiversity provides ecosystem services. I describe an example showing that complex ecological interaction result in the control of insect pests. Then I discuss the debate between two paradigms regarding agriculture and conservation of biodiverisy: separation (land sparing) versus integration (land sharing), and argue that the separation paradigm is flawed.
I finish with a discussion of what I perceived is needed to solve the biodiversity and food crises in the world: a focus on small-scale agroecological farms with strong social and ecological relationships.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Lecture
Keywords:yield, hunger, poverty, biodiversity, ecosystem services,insect pest control, seperation versus integration, small-scale, agrocological farms, social relationships
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: Denmark > ICROFS - International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems
USA
Related Links:http://www.snre.umich.edu/profile/perfecto
Deposited By: Rasmussen, Ilse
ID Code:18247
Deposited On:08 Feb 2011 10:37
Last Modified:08 Feb 2011 10:37
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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