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Influence of the herbal component of a commercial feed additive on serum parameters, fertility and longevity of dairy cows

Walkenhorst, Michael; Ivemeyer, Silvia; Spranger, Jörg; Arndt, Gabriele and Schaette, Roland (2010) Influence of the herbal component of a commercial feed additive on serum parameters, fertility and longevity of dairy cows. Planta Medica, 76 (12), p. 1352.

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Online at: https://www.thieme-connect.de/ejournals/abstract/plantamedica/doi/10.1055/s-0030-1264919

Summary

Fertility dysfunction is a main culling reason for dairy cows [1]. A randomized placebo controlled trial investigates a herbal mixture containing mainly Urtica dioica L. (herba), Trigonella foenum-greacum L. (semen), Silybum marianum (L.) Gaert. (fructus) and Achillea millefolium L. (herba). It was fed cows daily (50g per cow and day) about 60d from dry off to calving date. 63 dairy cows (32 in the herb-(h)- and 31 in the placebo-(p)-group) of one Swiss organic dairy farm were included in the study. Cows were differentiated depending on their lactation number (L); L1: first lactating cows (h: n=10, p: n=9), L2-4: cows of second to fourth lactation (h: n=11, p: n=12) and L>4: cows with more than four lactations (h: n=11, p: n=10). Blood samples were taken and a rectal palpation according to Rosenberger [2] of uterus and ovaries was done once between day 21 and 35 after calving. Furthermore all cows were observed until culling or next calving. Table 1 shows the significant differences (p<0.05) between the herb and placebo group. The fed herbal mixture seems to have an impact on the postpartal metabolic status of dairy cows which is a main factor influencing fertility [3]. The herbs seem to prolong the postnatal anoestrus but also to decrease the culling rate particularly for fertility reasons. Overall the prolonged intercalving period had a lower economic effect than the decreased culling rate.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Herbs, fertility, dairy cow, Tiergesundheit und Qualität, Fruchtbarkeitsstörungen, Milchvieh
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Animal Health
ISSN:0032-0949
DOI:DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1264919
Related Links:http://www.fibl.org/de/schweiz/forschung/tiergesundheit.html, http://www.fibl.org/en/switzerland/research/animal-health.html
Deposited By: Walkenhorst, Michael
ID Code:17906
Deposited On:18 Oct 2010 12:06
Last Modified:10 Dec 2010 08:48
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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