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Seasonal restrictions of bud growth on roots of Cirsium arvense and Sonchus arvensis and rhizomes of Elymus repens

BRANDSÆTER, L.O.; FOGELFORS, H.; FYKSE, H.; Graglia, E.; JENSEN, R.K.; Melander, B.; Salonen, J. and Vanhala, P. (2010) Seasonal restrictions of bud growth on roots of Cirsium arvense and Sonchus arvensis and rhizomes of Elymus repens. Weed Research, 50 (2), pp. 102-109.

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Summary

The success of weed management aimed at depleting the regenerative structures of perennial weeds depends largely on the sprouting activity of rhizome and root buds. Seasonal variation in sprouting of these buds on Cirsium arvense, Sonchus arvensis and Elymus repens was studied for plants collected from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. At 2-week intervals from July to October, 5-cm fragments of roots or rhizomes were cutfrom plantsgrown in buckets and planted into soil in pots, half of which were placed immediately into growth chambers at 18�C for 4 weeks. The other half of the pots were initially placed in a dark room at 2�C for 4 weeks before being transferred to the same growth chamber, also for 4 weeks. During the growth chamber period, the numbers of emerged shoots in each pot were counted weekly. The sprouting activity of C. arvense and E. repens was relatively uniform during this period and bud dormancy was not apparent. In all ecotypes of S. arvensis, innate bud dormancy developed during the latter part of the growing season. For all three species, differences in sprouting readiness were found among ecotypes. The results imply that C. arvense and E. repens are more likely to be controlled by mechanical measures in autumn than S. arvensis.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > WEEDS - Control of weeds in organic cropping
DOI:DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2009.00756.x
Deposited By: Bo Melander, Senior Scientist
ID Code:17900
Deposited On:15 Oct 2010 13:20
Last Modified:12 May 2013 10:24
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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