Tamm, Lucius; Thürig, Barbara; Bruns, Christian; Fuchs, Jacques G.; Köpke, Ulrich; Laustela, Matias; Leifert, Carlo; Mahlberg, Nicole; Nietlispach, Bruno; Schmidt, Christoph; Weber, Felix and Fließbach, Andreas (2010) Soil type, management history, and soil amendments influence the development of soil-borne (Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium ultimum) and air-borne (Phytophthora infestans, Hyaloperonospora parasitica) diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 127 (4), pp. 465-481.
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The impact of soil type, long-term soil management, and short-term fertility input strategies on the suppressiveness of soils against soil-borne (Ocimum basilicum – Rhizoctonia solani, Lepidium sativum – Pythium ultimum) as well as air-borne (Lycopersicon esculentum – Phytophthora infestans, Arabidopsis thaliana – Hyaloperonospora parasitica) diseases was studied. Soils from field trials established in five European sites with contrasting pedo-climatic conditions were examined. Sites included (i) a long-term management field trial comparing organic and conventional farming systems (DOK-trial, Therwil, Switzerland) (ii) a short-term fertility input field trial comparing mineral and organic matter fertilisation regimes (Bonn (BON), Germany) (iii) two short-term fertility input field trials (Stockbridge (STC) and Tadcaster (TAD), UK) comparing the impact of farmyard manure, composted farmyard manure, and chicken manure pellet amendements and (iv) soil from a site used as a reference (Reckenholz (REC), Switzerland). Soil type affected disease suppressiveness of the four pathosystems signficantly, indicating that soils can not only affect the development of soil-borne, but also the resistance of plants to air-borne diseases at relevant levels. Suppressiveness to soil- and air-borne diseases was shown to be affected by soil type, but also by long-term management as well as short-term fertility inputs.
|EPrint Type:||Journal paper|
|Keywords:||Ocimum basilicum, Lepidium sativum, Lycopersicon esculentum, Arabidopsis thaliana, Soil characteristics, DOK-trail, DOK, Bodenwissenschaften, Phytopathologie, Resistenzmechanismen Pflanzen|
|Subjects:|| Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology|
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
|Research affiliation:|| Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences|
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant Protection and Biodiversity
|Related Links:||http://www.fibl.org/en/switzerland/research/plant-protection-biodiversity.html, http://www.fibl.org/en/switzerland/research/soil-sciences.html|
|Deposited By:||Tamm, Dr. Lucius|
|Deposited On:||18 Oct 2010 09:08|
|Last Modified:||18 Oct 2010 09:08|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
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