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Mechanical weed control

Rueda-Ayala, Victor ; Rasmussen, Jesper and Gerhards, Roland (2010) Mechanical weed control. In: Oerke, E-C; Gerhards, R; Menz, G and Sikora, RA (Eds.) Precision Crop Protection – the Challenge and Use of Heterogeneity. Springer, London, chapter 17, pp. 279-294.

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Summary

Side effects of herbicides and increasing prevalence of organic farming nduce the need of further developments in mechanical weed control. Mechanical weed control is mainly associated with cultivating tillage (e.g. tertiary tillage), but also primary and secondary tillage influence weeds. Cultivating tillage is performed in growing crops with harrows, hoes, brushes and a number of special tools for intra-row weed control. Inter-row cultivations have been used in many decades in row crops and perform in general well. To increase their capacity and accuracy,
guidance systems are important to steer the hoes along the rows. The success of inter- and intra-row cultivation is highly influenced by selectivity factors. The control
mechanisms of all cultivating tillage methods are burring in soil, uprooting,and tearing plants into pieces. Especially for whole crop and intra-row cultivators,
successful weed control is highly influenced by appropriate adjustment of the intensity (aggressiveness) of cultivation according to the variations of soil resistance, crop and weed resistance to cultivation and the competitive interactions between crop and weeds. Site-specific weed management aims to identify the spatial and temporal variability of weeds and manage them correspondingly. New technologies for sensing crops and weeds in real-time and robotics allow a precise operation of mechanical tools, to improve efficacy of control and reduce operation costs. Hence in this chapter, implements for mechanical weeding are described together with their options for site-specific weed control strategies. Harrows and rotary hoes are used
for whole crop treatment, but it is essential to find the right timing and intensity to obtain the best selectivity and yield response. Different implements attached to
the same vehicle are combined together attempting more selective weed control,like the in-row cultivator, the rotary harrow, and the precision hoe. Lately, there
are prototypes intending automatic adjustment of the aggressiveness for the springtine harrow and autonomous guidance for hoes, thus getting closer to a real-time
site-specific weed management approach.


EPrint Type:Book chapter
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF III (2005-2010) > WEEDS - Control of weeds in organic cropping
ISBN:978-90-481-9276-2
Deposited By: Rasmussen, Associate professor Jesper
ID Code:17843
Deposited On:07 Oct 2010 13:26
Last Modified:07 Oct 2010 13:26
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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