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Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit der biologischen Landwirtschaft in der Schweiz durch Experten

Schader, Christian and Stolze, Matthias (2011) Bewertung der Nachhaltigkeit der biologischen Landwirtschaft in der Schweiz durch Experten. Poster at: 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Gießen, 15.-18. März 2011.

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Summary

This paper aims to present the results of an expert and stakeholder based Delphi approach for analysing the performance of Swiss organic agriculture in terms of sustainability. We analysed four different production systems: Bio Suisse standards, public organic standards, integrated farming and farming according to Swiss cross compliance standards. The study illustrated that none of the farming systems performs 100% sustainable against any of the indicators. However, organic production showed an about 1-20% better performance than conventional and integrated systems. Particularly high scores were achieved for product quality, animal welfare, and biodiversity, while performing below average regarding resource use, food security and climate change. We conclude that organic production can be described to be ‘more sustainable’ than conventional production. However, substantial improvements in performance are possible. The means for making organic systems more sustainable include gains in productivity, additional incentives for on-farm nature protection elements and strict enforcement of animal husbandry standards.

Summary translation

This paper aims at presenting the results of an expert-based Delphi for analysing the performance of Swiss organic agriculture in terms of sustainability. We analysed four different production systems: Bio Suisse standards, public organic standards, integrated farming and farming according to Swiss cross compliance standards. The study illustrates that none of the farming systems performs 100% sustainably against any of the environmental, social and economic indicators. However, organic production showed an about 1-20% better performance than conventional and integrated systems. Particularly, high scores were achieved for product quality, animal welfare, and biodiversity, while performing only slightly better regarding resource use, food security and climate change. We conclude that organic production can be described to be ‘more sustainable’ than conventional production. However, substantial improvements in performance are possible. The means for making organic systems more sustainable include gains in productivity, additional incentives for on-farm nature protection elements and strict enforcement of animal husbandry standards.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:Sustainability, Stakeholder Delphi Approach, Nominal Group Technique, Evaluation
Subjects: Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2011: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture
Related Links:http://www.wissenschaftstagung.de/, http://www.verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&suche=11.%20wissenschaftstagung&fb_id=s
Deposited By: Schader, Dr. Christian
ID Code:17705
Deposited On:17 Jun 2011 13:29
Last Modified:17 Jun 2011 13:29
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Dieser Beitrag ist im Tagungsbandes der 11. Wissenschaftstagung erschienen.
Leithold, G.; Becker, K.; Brock, C.; Fischinger, S.; Spiegel, A.-K.; Spory, K.; Wilbois, K.-P. und Williges, U. (Hrsg.) (2011):
Es geht ums Ganze: Forschen im Dialog von Wissenschaft und Praxis
Beiträge zur 11. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, 15.-18. März 2011
Band 1: Boden, Pflanze, Umwelt, Lebensmittel und Produktqualität
Band 2: Tierproduktion, Sozioökonomie
Verlag Dr. Köster, Berlin.
Der Tagungsband kann über den Verlag Dr. Köster bezogen werden; siehe: http://verlag-koester.de/buch.php?id=735&fb_id=37

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